Yámana


Yámana

people
also called  Yahgan,  

      South American Indian people, very few in number, who were the traditional occupants of the south coast of Tierra del Fuego and the neighbouring islands south to Cape Horn. In the 19th century they numbered between 2,500 and 3,000. The Yámana language forms a distinct linguistic group made up of five mutually intelligible dialects that correspond to five regionally defined subdivisions.

      Archaeologists have discovered extensive remains of Yámana camping places. Like their neighbours the Alacaluf and the Chono (q.v.), the Yámana hunted and gathered shellfish, seals, whales, and birds; a few berries and several varieties of fungi rounded out their diet. Despite the cold, rainy climate they had only a single garment of animal skin, worn like a cape over the shoulders. Their canoes had distinctive raised, pointed ends and a fireplace amidships.

      The Yámana had no organized tribal life or recognized leaders. The family, usually monogamous, formed the basic social, political, and economic unit. They followed no clear pattern of migration and rarely camped in one place for more than a few days.

      Their aesthetic activities were simple and few. They believed in a benevolent deity who was the giver of life and who punished wrongdoers. There were lesser spirits also, who could be approached through a shaman.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yamana — may mean:* Yámana, an alternate name for the Yaghan language and people, in Chile * Yamana clan, a Japanese clan (Sengoku period) * Yamana Gold Inc., a Canadian based gold mining company operating in South and Central America …   Wikipedia

  • Yámana — yámana. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio que habitó las costas del archipiélago de Tierra del Fuego. U. t. c. s. || 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los yámanas. || 3. m. Lengua hablada por los yámanas. * * * Los yámanas (o yaganes) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Yamana — Yamana,   Yahgan, Indianer im äußersten Süden Feuerlands (Feuerländer) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • yámana — 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio que habitó las costas del archipiélago de Tierra del Fuego. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los yámanas. 3. m. Lengua hablada por los yámanas …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Yamana — Denkmal der Yámana in Ushuaia Der Stamm der Yámana (auch: Yagan) ist eine der vier ethnischen Gruppen, die bis Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts auf Feuerland siedelten. Ebenso wie die anderen Ureinwohner Feuerlands wurden sie im Zuge der Besiedelung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yámana — Denkmal der Yámana in Ushuaia Der Stamm der Yámana (auch: Yagan) ist eine der vier ethnischen Gruppen, die bis Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts auf Feuerland siedelten. Ebenso wie die anderen Ureinwohner Feuerlands wurden sie im Zuge der Besiedelung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yamana — Yagan Natifs de la Tierra del Fuego (Première expédition Cook 1768 1771) Cet article porte sur un peuple amérindien. Pour le guerrier aborigène australien du même nom, voir: Yagan (Australie). Les yagans (ou yámanas) sont un peuple amérindien qui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yámana — ISO 639 3 Code : yag ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • yámana — यमन …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Yamana Gold Inc. — Yamana Gold Logo de Yamana Gold Création 1980 2003 Personnages clés Peter Marrone, CEO …   Wikipédia en Français


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