Wade-Giles romanization  Hsü-ch'ang 

      city, central Henan sheng (province), China. It is situated along the southwestern edge of the North China Plain northeast of the Funiu Range (an eastern extension of the Qin [Tsinling] Mountains (Qin Mountains)). It has since early times been a natural transportation hub—the point where the north-south route along the western edge of the North China Plain is crossed by the main route running northeast to Shangqiu and to Shandong (Shantung) province and by the southwesterly route to Nanyang and the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) valley.

      The name Xu dates to the Xi (Western) Zhou (Zhou dynasty) period (1111–771 BCE), when the site was given as a fief to the descendants of the legendary deity Taiyue Dadi, who lived on Mount Tai (Tai, Mount) in Shandong province. In 196 CE, during the Dong (Eastern) Han period, when the two capitals, Chang'an (present-day Xi'an) in Shaanxi and Luoyang in Henan, were in a state of disorder, the Xiandi emperor established his capital at Xuchang. Under the Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) it was a major centre of commerce, with manufacturing controlled by the government.

      Xuchang held the administrative status of either a prefecture or a commandery under succeeding dynasties. After the Juchen conquest in 1127, it was renamed Xuzhou, and it kept this name until 1913, when it became a county seat named Xuchang. Its importance was increased by the completion of the Beijing-Hankou railway in 1905, as a result of which it became the main collecting centre for agricultural produce from the western plain of Henan. By World War II it was a flourishing commercial city.

      The surrounding region produces cotton, good-quality tobacco, sesame, vegetables, and hides, which are mostly sent to Hankou ( Wuhan) by rail. By the early 1970s the city had various processing and some handicraft industries, including an industry producing felt hats. There is also a well-established ceramics industry, dating at least to the 11th century, which now produces mostly coarse domestic ware for the local regional market. The region around Xuchang is also Henan's leading tobacco-growing area, and the city has built facilities to process tobacco and make tobacco-processing machinery. The Beijing-Guangzhou (Canton) trunk rail line runs north-south through the city, and a provincial Yuzhou-Dancheng line passes through it east-west. Two national highways intersect near the city. In the late 1990s a major expressway from Beijing to Zhuhai (south of Guangzhou (Canton)) was opened to traffic, further increasing Xuchang's transportation links. Pop. (2002 est.) 305,454.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xuchang — Xǔchāng · 许昌 Pays Chine Statut administratif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xuchang — (en chino: 许昌市 pinyin: Xǔchāng Transcripción del sistema postal chino: Hsuchang) Es una ciudad prefectura en la provincia central de Henan, República Popular de China Limita con la capital provincial de Zhengzhou al noroeste y Kaifeng al noreste …   Wikipedia Español

  • Xuchang — Infobox Settlement name =Xuchang official name = other name = native name = nickname = settlement type =Prefecture level city total type = motto = translit lang1=Chinese translit lang1 type=Simplified translit lang1 info=许昌 translit lang1… …   Wikipedia

  • Xuchang — Lage Xuchangs in Henan Xuchang (许昌市) ist eine bezirksfreie Stadt in der Provinz Henan der Volksrepublik China. Xuchang hat eine Fläche von 4.977 km² und ca. 4,46 Mio. Einwohner (Ende 2003). Administrative Gliederung Auf Kreisebene setzt sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xuchang — Original name in latin Xuchang Name in other language Hsu ch ang, Hsu ch ang hsien, Hsu ch ang shih, Hsu chou, Hsuchow, Hs chou, Hs ch’ang, Hs ch’ang hsien, Hs ch’ang shih, Hschow, Syuychan, Xuchang State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Xuchang-Mensch — Als Xuchang Mensch (chinesisch 许昌人 Xuchangren) werden in der chinesischen Provinz Henan in Lingjing (灵井), Xuchang (许昌), entdeckte menschliche Fossilien aus dem Paläolithikum bezeichnet, die auf die Zeit vor 80.000 bis 100.000 Jahren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xuchang (Kreis) — Der Kreis Xuchang (许昌县) gehört zum Verwaltungsgebiet der bezirksfreien Stadt Xuchang im Zentrum der chinesischen Provinz Henan. Das Verwaltungsgebiet des Kreises hat eine Fläche von 1.002 km² und er zählt ca. 790.000 Einwohner (2002).… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xuchang Shi — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Xuchang Shi Country and Admin Code CN.09.1788045 CN …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Xian de Xuchang — Xǔchāng Xiàn · 许昌县 Pays Chine Statut administratif Xian Province Henan Préfecture Xuchang Code postal 461100[1] Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comte de Xuchang — Xian de Xuchang Xǔchāng Xiàn · 许昌县 Pays Chine Statut administratif Xian Province Henan Préfecture Xuchang Code postal 461100[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.