Woman's Peace Party


Woman's Peace Party

▪ American organization
      American organization that was established as a result of a three-day peace meeting organized by Jane Addams (Addams, Jane) and other feminists in response to the beginning of World War I in Europe in 1914. The conference, held in January 1915 in Washington, D.C., brought together women from diverse organizations who unanimously agreed on most issues under discussion, including the call for limitation of arms, mediation of the European conflict, and the removal of the economic causes of war. The peace and suffrage movements were definitively united when a plank calling for the vote for women was successfully added to the party platform.

      In the belief that women, the “mother half of humanity,” could no longer tolerate the destruction engendered by war, WPP members traveled to The Netherlands in April 1915 to meet with other women from warring and neutral nations at the first international women's meeting to be focused on peace. With the entry of the United States into the war, however, the once 40,000-strong WPP broke into factions, some members turning to war-relief efforts and others refusing to support the conflict in any way.

      Because German women could not travel to Versailles, France, WPP members and their international counterparts held a congress (May 1919) in Zürich, Switzerland, after the war, protesting the Versailles Treaty for being punitive toward Germany. They approved the League of Nations with the stipulations that it be more democratic in principle and that Germany be included. The delegates also formed the new Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), whose constitution pledged to support “movements to further peace, internationalism, and the freedom of women.” The U.S. branch of the WILPF, which has its roots in the WPP, is the longest-lasting women's peace organization in the United States.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peace Party — could refer to: Political parties *Australian Peace Party, a political party in Australia *Democratic Peace Party, a political party in Egypt *Lebanese Peace Party, a political party in Lebanon *Nationalist Peace Party, a political party in… …   Wikipedia

  • Peace Journalism — Peace Media , Conflict Resolving Media , Conflict Sensitive Journalism , Conflict Solution Journalism , Reporting the World , Constructive Conflict Coverage, and Peacebuilding Media redirect here. A comparison of peace journalism and war… …   Wikipedia

  • WOMAN — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the historical perspective biblical period marriage and children women in household life economic roles educational and managerial roles religious roles women outside the household… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Party for the Integral Advancement of the Haitian People — The Party for the Integral Advancement of the Haitian People (Parti Pour l Avancement Integral du Peuple Haitien, or PAIPH) is a political party in Haiti founded by Colette Jacques[1] the first woman to have a political party registered and… …   Wikipedia

  • Party of European Socialists — Infobox European Political Party party name = Party of European Socialists party name it = Partito Socialista Europeo party name de = Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas party name fr = Parti socialiste européen party name sk = Strana… …   Wikipedia

  • party — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) I n. organization (see party); social gathering, festivity, reception, dance; participant, accomplice, partner. See sociality, part. II Body of persons Nouns 1. party, faction, side; denomination,… …   English dictionary for students

  • Peace out of Pain — Infobox Television episode Title = Peace out of Pain Series = Upstairs, Downstairs Caption = Hazel and James Season = 4 Episode = 13 Airdate = 7 December 1974 Production = 13 Writer = Alfred Shaughnessy Director = Christopher Hodson Guests =… …   Wikipedia

  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom — ▪ international organization       organization whose opposition to war dates from World War I, which makes it the oldest continuously active peace organization in the United States. It encompasses some 100 branches in the United States and has… …   Universalium

  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom — Founded in 1915, the Women s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) is the oldest women s peace organization in the world. It is a non profit non governmental organization working to bring together women of different political views… …   Wikipedia

  • Mary Louise Smith (Republican Party leader) — For the civil rights activist see Mary Louise Smith Mary Louise Smith (October 6, 1914–August 22, 1997), a U.S. political organizer and women s rights activist, was the second woman to become chairwoman of a major political party in the United… …   Wikipedia