Wissler, Clark


Wissler, Clark

▪ American anthropologist
born September 18, 1870, Wayne county, Indiana, U.S.
died August 25, 1947, New York, New York
 American anthropologist who developed the concept of culture area.

      Though educated as a psychologist (Ph.D., Columbia University, 1901), Wissler was drawn to anthropology through the influence of Franz Boas (Boas, Franz). Wissler was curator of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City for nearly 40 years and also taught at Yale University (1924–40).

      North American Indians of the Plains (1912) reflects the main focus of his fieldwork. He became a leading authority on the Dakota, or Sioux, and Blackfoot peoples, writing more than 200 scientific and popular articles and books, notably (with D.C. Duvall) Mythology of the Blackfoot Indians (1908, reissued 1995). His descriptions particularly noted material culture, myths and tales, art designs, social organization and ethical values, and especially the spectacular Sun Dance religious ceremony.

      At the American Museum, Wissler arranged collections and exhibits according to area and group. In The American Indian (1917), a classic in North American ethnology, he explored the regional clustering of cultural traits and the relation between culture and physical environment, outlining the main culture areas. The distribution and adaptation of cultural traits and their relative ages were treated in Man and Culture (1923) and The Relation of Nature to Man in Aboriginal America (1926). His later works include Indian Cavalcade (1938) and Indians of the United States (1940).

Additional Reading
Stanley A. Freed and Ruth S. Freed, Clark Wissler, 1870–1947: A Biographical Memoir (1992).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • WISSLER (C.) — WISSLER CLARK (1870 1947) D’abord intéressé par l’anthropologie physique, domaine dans lequel il procéda à diverses mesures anthropométriques, Clark Wissler se consacra ensuite à l’étude ethnologique de certaines tribus de l’Amérique du Nord, en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Clark Wissler — Clark Wissler, eigentlich Clark David Wissler (* 18. September 1870 in Cambridge City, Wayne County, Indiana, USA; † 25. August 1947 in New York City, USA) war ein amerikanischer Anthropologe, Psychologe und Museumsethnologe. Er prägte den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wissler —   [ wɪslə], Clark, amerikanischer Ethnologe, * Wayne County (Indiana) 18. 9. 1870, ✝ New York 25. 8. 1947; seit 1902 am American Museum of Natural History, New York, seit 1931 Professor der Yale University; prägte den Begriff Kulturareal. Die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wissler — biographical name Clark 1870 1947 American anthropologist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Wissler — /wis leuhr/, n. Clark, 1870 1947, U.S. anthropologist. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wissler — /wis leuhr/, n. Clark, 1870 1947, U.S. anthropologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • УИССЛЕР Кларк — (Wissler Clark) (1870 1947), американский антрополог, психолог, исследователь культуры американских индейцев, родился 18 сентября 1870 близ Кеймбриджа (шт. Индиана). Получил образование в университете штата Индиана, специализировался по… …   Энциклопедия Кольера

  • culture area — Anthropol. a region having a distinct pattern of culture. * * * ▪ anthropological concept Introduction also called  cultural area,  culture province , or  ethno geographic area    in anthropology, geography, and other social sciences, a… …   Universalium


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