Wichí


Wichí

people
also called  Mataco 

      South American Indians of the Gran Chaco, who speak an independent language and live mostly between the Bermejo and Pilcomayo rivers in northeastern Argentina. Some live in Bolivia. The Wichí are the largest and most economically important group of the Chaco Indians. They combine limited agriculture with fishing, hunting, and gathering of wild foods.

      When the Wichí were first contacted by Europeans they responded peacefully but resisted European attempts at Christianization and colonization. Many were massacred, placed on reservations, or incorporated into government colonies. Today, the Wichí are being assimilated into the mestizo (mixed-blood) population of the Chaco. At the turn of the 21st century their population was estimated at some 40,000 individuals. Many work as lumberjacks or migrate annually to employment on the sugar plantations of Jujuy and Salta.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wichi — Wichí Wichí (également Wichi) et en Bolivie Weenhayek, sont les noms d une ethnie amérindienne du Chaco central et du Chaco austral, en Amérique du Sud, surtout en Argentine, mais aussi en Bolivie et au Paraguay. Les quechuas de l empire Inca… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wichí — (également Wichi) et en Bolivie Weenhayek, sont les noms d une ethnie amérindienne du Chaco central et du Chaco austral, en Amérique du Sud, surtout en Argentine, mais aussi en Bolivie et au Paraguay. Les quechuas de l empire Inca leur donnèrent… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wichí — Ethnic group group=Wichí poptime= popplace= flag|Argentina flag|Bolivia langs=Wichí rels= related= The Wichí are an indigenous people of South America. They are a large group of tribes ranging about the headwaters of the Bermejo River and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Wichí — Para la localidad de la Provincia del Chaco (Argentina), véase Wichí El Pintado. Dibujo de 1912 de un joven tatuado de la etnia wichí (mataco vejoz) de Argentina. Wichí (o también wichi) y en Bolivia weenhayek, son los nombres que reciben los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wichi — Die Wichí sind ein indigenes Volk in Südamerika. Es setzt sich aus einer Vielzahl von Stämmen zusammen, die auf einfacher materieller Grundlage in Argentinien und Bolivien an den Oberläufen des Río Bermejo und des Río Pilcomayo leben.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wichí — Die Wichí sind ein indigenes Volk in Südamerika. Es setzt sich aus einer Vielzahl von Gruppen zusammen, die auf einfacher materieller Grundlage in Argentinien und Bolivien an den Oberläufen des Río Bermejo und des Río Pilcomayo leben.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wichí people — Wichí Regions with significant populations …   Wikipedia

  • Wichi (langue) — Cet article concerne la langue wichi. Pour le peuple, voir Wichí. Wichi Parlée en Argentine, Bolivie Région Chaco Nombre de locuteurs 35 000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay — language name=Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay nativename= states=Argentina speakers=15,000 [http://www.ethnologue.com/show language.asp?code=mzh] familycolor=American fam1=Mataco iso2=mzh|iso3=mzhWichí Lhamtés Güisnay is a Wichí language spoken by 15,000… …   Wikipedia

  • Wichí Lhamtés Nocten — language name=Wichí Lhamtés Nocten nativename= states=Argentina, Bolivia speakers=2,081 familycolor=American fam2=Mataco Guaicuru fam3=Mataco iso3=mtpWichí Lhamtés Nocten is a Wichí language spoken in Argentina by 100 people and 1,911 people in… …   Wikipedia


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