Weller, Thomas H.


Weller, Thomas H.

▪ American physician and virologist
in full  Thomas Huckle Weller  
born June 15, 1915, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S.
died Aug. 23, 2008, Needham, Mass.

      American physician and virologist who was the corecipient (with John Enders (Enders, John Franklin) and Frederick Robbins (Robbins, Frederick Chapman)) of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1954 for the successful cultivation of poliomyelitis (polio) virus in tissue cultures. This made it possible to study the virus “in the test tube”—a procedure that led to the development of polio vaccines (polio vaccine).

      After his education at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (A.B., 1936; M.S., 1937) and Harvard University (M.D., 1940), Weller became a teaching fellow at the Harvard Medical School (1940–42) and served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps during World War II. He was appointed assistant director of Enders' infectious diseases laboratory at the Children's Medical Center, Boston (1949–55), and, working with Enders and Robbins, soon achieved the propagation of poliomyelitis virus in laboratory suspensions of human embryonic skin and muscle tissue. He was also the first (with the American physician Franklin Neva) to achieve the laboratory propagation of rubella (German measles) virus and to isolate chicken pox virus from human cell cultures. Weller became professor of tropical public health at Harvard University in 1954 and from 1966 to 1981 served also as director of the Center for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases at the Harvard University School of Public Health. Weller's autobiography, Growing Pathogens in Tissue Cultures: Fifty Years in Academic Tropical Medicine, Pediatrics, and Virology, was published in 2004.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Weller , Thomas Huckle — (1915–) American microbiologist Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Weller was educated at the University of Michigan, where his father was professor of pathology, and at Harvard, where he gained his MD in 1940. After serving in the US Army Medical… …   Scientists

  • Weller, Thomas Huckle — ▪ 2009       American physician and virologist born June 15, 1915, Ann Arbor, Mich. died Aug. 23, 2008, Needham, Mass. was in 1954 the corecipient (with John Enders and Frederick Robbins) of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the… …   Universalium

  • Weller,Thomas Huckle — Wel·ler (wĕlʹər), Thomas Huckle. Born 1915. American microbiologist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for work on the cultivation of the polio virus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Weller, Thomas H(uckle) — born June 15, 1915, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S. U.S. physician and virologist. He studied at Harvard Medical School. For culturing poliomyelitis virus, which led to the development of polio vaccines, he shared a 1954 Nobel Prize with John Enders… …   Universalium

  • Weller, Thomas Huckle — ► (n. 1915) Bioquímico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1954, junto con J. F. Ender y E. Ch. Robbins, por sus trabajos sobre el aislamiento y cultivo de virus y sobre la obtención de vacunas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weller, Thomas H(uckle) — (n. 15 jun. 1915, Ann Arbor, Mich., EE.UU.). Médico y virólogo estadounidense. Estudió en la escuela de medicina de Harvard. En 1957 compartió el Premio Nobel con John Enders (n. 1879–m. 1985) y Frederick Robbins (n. 1916), por haber cultivado el …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas H. Weller — Thomas Weller Thomas Weller Naissance 15 juin 1915 Ann Arbor dans le Michigan (États Unis) Décès 23 août 2008 Needham dans le Massachusetts (États Unis) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Huckle Weller — Thomas Weller Thomas Weller Naissance 15 juin 1915 Ann Arbor dans le Michigan (États Unis) Décès 23 août 2008 Needham dans le Massachusetts (États Unis) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas H. Weller — Thomas Huckle Weller (* 15. Juni 1915 in Ann Arbor, Michigan; † 23. August 2008 in Needham, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Bakteriologe, Virologe und Parasitologe. Weller konnte den Erreger der Röteln isolieren. Für die Entdeckung der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Weller — Thomas Huckle Weller (* 15. Juni 1915 in Ann Arbor, Michigan; † 23. August 2008 in Needham, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Bakteriologe, Virologe und Parasitologe. Weller konnte den Erreger der Röteln isolieren. Für die Entdeckung der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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