Welland Canal


Welland Canal

 waterway in southern Ontario, Can., that provides navigation for large vessels between Lake Erie to the south and Lake Ontario to the north and forms an important link in the St. Lawrence Seaway. The canal was necessary because the Niagara River, the natural connection between Lakes Erie and Ontario, has impassable falls and rapids. The modern Welland Canal extends 27.6 miles (44.4 km) from Port Colborne (on Lake Erie) to Port Weller (on Lake Ontario) and has a minimum depth of 30 feet (9 m). The 327-foot difference in elevation between the two lakes is overcome by eight locks, which can accommodate vessels up to 230 feet long. The time required for transit of the canal is usually less than eight hours.

      The first canal, opened in 1829, was 8 feet deep and connected Port Dalhousie (3 miles west of the present canal's northern outlet) with Port Robinson on Chippawa Creek, which gave access to the Niagara River. In 1833 the canal was extended southward to Port Colborne, and between 1871 and 1887 it was enlarged. Construction beginning in 1913 led to the opening of the newer canal in 1932. Further improvements in the southern part of the canal were completed in 1972.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Welland Canal — The Welland Canal is a ship canal that runs 42 km (27.0 miles) from Port Colborne, Ontario on Lake Erie to Port Weller, Ontario on Lake Ontario. As part of the St. Lawrence Seaway, the canal allows ships to avoid Niagara Falls by traversing the… …   Wikipedia

  • Welland Canal —    Projected as a result of the War of 1812. A commission was appointed in 1816 to report on a canal between Lakes Erie and Ontario. The matter dragged along for several years, until at last, through the energy and enthusiasm of William Hamilton… …   The makers of Canada

  • Welland Canal — or Welland Ship Canal geographical name canal 27 miles (44 kilometers) Canada in SE Ontario connecting Lake Erie & Lake Ontario …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Welland Canal — /wɛlənd kəˈnæl/ (say weluhnd kuh nal) noun a ship canal in southern Canada, in Ontario, connecting lakes Erie and Ontario; 8 locks raise or lower ships 99 m. 40 km long …   Australian English dictionary

  • Welland Canal — waterway betw. Lakes Erie and Ontario …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Welland Canal — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Welland Canal, bridge 13 — Infobox Bridge bridge name = Welland Canal, Bridge 13 (Welland Main Street Bridge) caption = official name = carries = Vehicular Traffic crosses = Welland Recreational Waterway locale = Welland, Ontario maint = id = design = Vertical lift bridge… …   Wikipedia

  • Welland Canal, Bridge 15 — Infobox Bridge bridge name = Welland Canal, Bridge 15 caption = Bridge 15 The Canada Souther Railway swing bridge over the former route of the Welland Canal official name = carries = rail traffic crosses = Welland Recreational Waterway locale =… …   Wikipedia

  • Welland Canal Route — The Welland Canal Route is an Ontario Tourist Route designated along provincial highways and Regional Roads in Niagara Region along the Welland Canal.The trail starts at the Queen Elizabeth Way/Highway 406 interchange in St. Catherines,… …   Wikipedia

  • First Welland Canal — The Welland Canal has gone through many incarnations in its history. Today, five distinct canal construction efforts are recognized. The retronym First Welland Canal is applied to the original canal, constructed from 1824 to 1829 and 1831 to 1833 …   Wikipedia


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