Washakie


Washakie

▪ Shoshoni chief
born c. 1804, Montana
died February 20, 1900, Fort Washakie, Wyoming, U.S.
 Shoshone chief who performed extraordinary acts of friendship for white settlers while exhibiting tremendous prowess as a warrior against his people's tribal enemies.

      The son of a Umatilla father and Shoshone mother, Washakie left the Umatilla while an adolescent to join his mother's tribe. By the 1840s he was chief of the Eastern Band (sometimes called Washakie's Band) of Wyoming Shoshone.

      Although quite vain—he loved to be the centre of elaborate ceremonies—Washakie was kind and generous to whites passing through Shoshone territory under his control. He and his people assisted emigrants in crossing dangerous rivers and in recovering stray animals. Nine thousand grateful settlers once signed a document commending Washakie and his Shoshone Band for their exemplary treatment. Even when livestock belonging to whites destroyed his people's root and herding grounds, Washakie made sure no violent repercussions occurred.

      In the fall of 1862, however, Washakie was unable to prevent a large number of his followers from joining the Bannocks in attacking and plundering white settlements. He took loyal members of his band with him to Fort Bridger in Wyoming and then reunited with the surviving Shoshone hostiles after the Bannocks were crushed at Bear River on January 29, 1863.

      Washakie served as representative for both the Shoshone and the Bannocks at the 1868 Fort Bridger negotiations. As a result of these negotiations, Washakie's people surrendered the Green River Valley of eastern Utah and southern Wyoming to provide the right of way for the Union Pacific Railroad. During the Sioux War of 1876, Washakie sent many of his warriors to fight alongside U.S. government troops against the traditional enemies of the Shoshone. In fact, he himself frequently served as a scout during the U.S. Army's campaigns against the Cheyenne, Sioux, Arapaho, Ute, and other tribes hostile to the United States.

      Washakie spent his last years on the Shoshone reservation, where he continued to rule as absolute dictator. When younger aspirants sought to depose him, the 70-year-old chief disappeared for two months. Then, just as the tribal council met to select a new leader, in strode Washakie with six scalps collected as proof of his undiminished prowess.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Washakie — (né aux environ de 1804 1808 et décédé en 1900) était un chef et combattant amérindien renommé qui se fit pour la première fois connaître en 1840 dans les écrits du trappeur Osborne Russell. En 1851, il mena une bande de guerriers Shoshones lors… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Washakie — For other uses, see Washakie (disambiguation). Washakie holding pipe Chief Washakie (c. 1798[1] – February 20, 1900) was a renowned warrior first mentioned in 1840 in the written record of the American fur trapper, Osborne Russell. In 1851, at… …   Wikipedia

  • Washakie — Foto von Washakie Washakie (ursprünglich Pinaquana bzw. Pina Quanah, * um 1800; † 20. Februar 1900) war ein Häuptling der Shoshonen. Er war ein bekannter Krieger, der um etwa 1840 mehrere Shoshonengruppen vereinigte. Des Weiteren war er als (Pelz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washakie — Вашаки Washakie Вождь племени Дата рождения: около 1804 Дата смерти: 20 февраля 1900 …   Википедия

  • Washakie — Sp Vãšakis Ap Washakie L JAV apyg. (Vajomingas) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Washakie Ten — Washakie Ten, WY U.S. Census Designated Place in Wyoming Population (2000): 604 Housing Units (2000): 262 Land area (2000): 25.108311 sq. miles (65.030224 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.443082 sq. miles (1.147578 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Washakie Ten, WY — U.S. Census Designated Place in Wyoming Population (2000): 604 Housing Units (2000): 262 Land area (2000): 25.108311 sq. miles (65.030224 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.443082 sq. miles (1.147578 sq. km) Total area (2000): 25.551393 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Washakie National Forest — was established by the U.S. Forest Service in Wyoming on July 1, 1911 with 393,950 acres from part of Bonneville National Forest. On July 1, 1916 the remainder of Bonneville was added. On July 1, 1945 the entire forest was transferred to Shoshone …   Wikipedia

  • Washakie County — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Wyoming Verwaltungssitz: Worland Gründung: 1911 Demographie Einwohner: 7933  (1. Juli 2005) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washakie County, Wyoming — Infobox U.S. County county = Washakie County state = Wyoming map size = 250 founded = 1911 seat = Worland | area total sq mi =2243 area water sq mi =3 area percentage = 0.12% census yr = 2000 pop = 8289 density km2 =1 web = www.washakiecounty.net …   Wikipedia