Warburton, William


Warburton, William

▪ British clergyman
born Dec. 24, 1698, Newark, Nottinghamshire, Eng.
died 1779, Gloucester, Gloucestershire
 Anglican bishop of Gloucester, literary critic and controversialist.

      Ordained priest in 1727, Warburton was appointed to the parish of Brant Broughton, Lincolnshire, the following year. During his 18 years at Brant Broughton, Warburton wrote The Alliance Between Church and State (1736) and The Divine Legation of Moses, 2 vol. (1737–41). In The Alliance he advocated tolerance by the established Anglican church for those whose beliefs and worship were at variance. In The Divine Legation, he sought to demonstrate, on deist principles, the divine authority of the Mosaic writings, which deists denied.

      In a subsequent series of articles (1738–39) defending An Essay on Man, by Alexander Pope (Pope, Alexander), against attacks by the Swiss professor Jean-Pierre de Crousaz, Warburton gained Pope's friendship. He wrote a commentary for the Essay, persuaded Pope to write The New Dunciad (published in 1742), and served as the poet's literary executor on his death in May 1744. In 1747 Warburton published an edition of William Shakespeare's works incorporating Pope's earlier edition, and in 1751 he issued an edition of Pope's own works. Through Pope, Warburton also became involved in numerous lively and acrimonious debates and literary controversies. Having become bishop of Gloucester in 1759, Warburton aroused opposition from Methodists for his attack on them in 1762 in The Doctrine of Grace. In general, his works were admired more for their imagination and satiric wit than for their scholarship.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Warburton, William — ► (1698 1779) Teólogo inglés. Es notable su defensa del Ensayo sobre el hombre de Pope …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WARBURTON, WILLIAM —    an English divine, born at Newark; was bishop of Gloucester; was author of the famous Divine Legation of Moses, characterised by Gibbon as a monument of the vigour and weakness of the human mind ; is a distracted waste of misapplied logic and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Warburton, William — (1698 1779)    Theologian, b. at Newark, where his f. was an attorney. Intended for the law, he was for a few years engaged in its practice, but his intense love of, and capacity for, study led him to enter the Church, and in 1728 he was… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

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  • William Warburton — (1698 1779) est un savant et ecclésiastique anglais. Né à Newark on Trent, il était fils d un procureur. Il embrassa la carrière ecclésiastique, fut chapelain de Frederick, prince de Galles (1738), puis du roi Georges II (1753 54), doyen de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • WARBURTON (W.) — WARBURTON WILLIAM (1698 1779) Ordonné prêtre de l’Église anglicane en 1727, vicaire pendant dix huit ans de la paroisse de Brant Broughton (Lincolnshire) près de Newark, où il naquit, Warburton s’est d’abord trouvé impliqué dans la controverse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • William Warburton — William Warburton, Kupferstich nach einem Ölgemälde, um 1784 William Warburton (* 24. Dezember 1698 in Newark on Trent; † 7. Juni 1779 in Gloucester) war ein englischer Kritiker und Bischof von Gloucester …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Warburton — (December 24, 1698 ndash; June 7, 1779), was an English critic and churchman, Bishop of Gloucester from 1759.He was born at Newark, where his father, who belonged to an old Cheshire family, was town clerk. William was educated at Oakham and… …   Wikipedia

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