Wales, Church in


Wales, Church in

      independent Anglican (Anglicanism) church in Wales that changed from the Roman Catholic (Roman Catholicism) faith during the Protestant (Protestant Heritage) Reformation in the 16th century. At the time of the Reformation, the Welsh church was directly controlled by the English church and was thus separated from Rome when Henry VIII declared himself the head of the Church of England (England, Church of) (1534).

      Christianity in Wales dates from at least the 4th century, and by the 7th century Roman and Celtic missionaries had converted the entire country. When the pagan Anglo-Saxons (Anglo-Saxon) invaded Britain in the 5th century, Wales became one of the strongholds of the Celtic Church. The church clung to its independence and refused to submit to the rules and customs of the Roman Catholic Church until the 12th century, when the archbishop of Canterbury (Canterbury, archbishop of) gained supremacy over the Welsh Christians.

      The Reformation was generally accepted with little dissent in Wales, but in the 17th and 18th centuries the church went through a period of decay, primarily because of lack of leadership from Englishmen who were appointed to important positions in the Welsh church. The Methodist (Methodism) revival that began in the 18th century sparked the dramatic decline of Anglicanism in Wales, as the majority of the Welsh people left the Welsh Anglican church and joined the new church. In 1920 it was disestablished, though the church subsequently gained in numbers and strength.

      The church allowed the ordination of women in 1994 and installed its first woman priest in January 1997. By 2008 more than 20 percent of priests were women. Yet in the same year, the church government narrowly defeated a measure that would have allowed women to be ordained as bishops.

      A member of the Anglican Communion, a worldwide association of Anglican churches, the Church in Wales forms one province made up of six dioceses. The bishops of the dioceses are elected by representatives from the dioceses, and they elect one of their number as archbishop of the church. In 2002 Rowan Williams (Williams, Rowan), then archbishop of Wales, became the first Welsh-born archbishop of Canterbury, the spiritual leader of the Anglican Communion.

      The Church in Wales is the second largest Christian body in Wales. It claimed about 69,000 weekly attendees in the first decade of the 21st century.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Church Point, New South Wales — Church Point Sydney, New South Wales Church Point Post Office Pop …   Wikipedia

  • Church Hill (disambiguation) — Church Hill is a district of Richmond, Virginia, USA. Church Hill may also refer to: Places in the United Kingdom Church Hill, Derbyshire, England Churchill, County Donegal, Republic of Ireland Church Hill, Edinburgh, Scotland Church Hill,… …   Wikipedia

  • Church Island — ist der Name mehrerer Inseln im englischen Sprachraum: Church Island (Menai Straße), Wales Church Island (Lough Gill), Binneninsel in Irland Church Island (Valentia Harbour), Irland Church Island (Lough Beg), Binneninsel in Irland Church Island… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wales — /waylz/, n. a division of the United Kingdom, in SW Great Britain. 2,766,800; 8016 sq. mi. (20,760 sq. km). Medieval, Cambria. * * * I Welsh Cymru Principality, constituting an integral part of the United Kingdom. It occupies a peninsula on the… …   Universalium

  • Church Island (Menai-Straße) — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Fläche fehltVorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Church Island (Menai Straße) Church Island mit Damm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church of Uganda — Die Kirchenprovinz Uganda (engl. Church of the Province of Uganda) ist ein Glied der anglikanischen Weltkirchengemeinschaft und hat ihre Ursprünge in den Missionen von 1877. Nachdem sie bereits 1893 ihren ersten einheimischen Kleriker weihen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church of the Province of Southern Africa — Die Anglican Church of Southern Africa, bis 2006: Church of the Province of Southern Africa, ist ein Teil der anglikanischen Weltkirchengemeinschaft und in Afrika die älteste Kirchenprovinz. Nachdem bereits 1806 die ersten Anglikaner in Kapstadt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church of the Province of Tanzania — Die Anglikanische Kirche von Tansania (engl. Anglican Church of Tanzania) ist ein Glied der anglikanischen Weltkirchengemeinschaft und geht auf eine Missionsstationen aus dem Jahr 1864 zurück. 1970 wurde die Kirche von Tansania eine eigenständige …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church of the Province of Uganda — Die Kirchenprovinz Uganda (engl. Church of the Province of Uganda) ist ein Glied der anglikanischen Weltkirchengemeinschaft und hat ihre Ursprünge in den Missionen von 1877. Nachdem sie bereits 1893 ihren ersten einheimischen Kleriker weihen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church of the Province of the West Indies — Die Kirchenprovinz der Westindischen Inseln (englisch: Church in the Province of the West Indies) ist ein Teil der anglikanischen Weltkirchengemeinschaft und erstreckt sich über Barbados, Belize, Guyana, Jamaika, Nassau und die Bahamas sowie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.