vinyl compound


vinyl compound

      any of various organic chemical compounds, including acrylic compounds and styrene and its derivatives, that are useful in making plastic film; sheeting; upholstery; floor tile; inflatable and solid toys; buttons; molded and extruded articles; fibres for weaving into fabric; insulation for wire; screening; tubing, especially for chemicals; substitutes for rubber; and components of water-base paints and textile finishes.

      Vinyl compounds contain the hydrocarbon vinyl group (CH2=CH-). The molecules of a single vinyl compound can be made to polymerize; that is, to join end to end, forming a polyvinyl compound such as polyvinyl chloride. The molecules of two different compounds can also be made to link up, forming a copolymer, such as the plastic Vinylite and the textile fibre vinyon. See also polyvinyl acetate; polyvinyl alcohol; polyvinyl chloride; vinyl chloride; vinylidene chloride.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Vinyl — A vinyl compound is any organic compound that contains a vinyl group (also called ethenyl), −CH=CH2. These are derivatives of ethene, CH2=CH2, with one hydrogen atom substituted with some other group.A related phrase is vinylidene which stands… …   Wikipedia

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  • vinyl — The hydrocarbon radical, CH2=CH–. SYN: ethenyl. v. carbinol SYN: allyl alcohol. v. chloride a substance used in the plastics industry and suspected of being a potent carcinogen in humans. SYN: chloroet …   Medical dictionary

  • Vinyl chloride — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

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  • vinyl fluoride — ▪ chemical compound also called  fluoroethylene        a colourless, flammable, nontoxic, chemically stable gas belonging to the family of organohalogen compounds (organohalogen compound) and used as the starting material in making polyvinyl… …   Universalium


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