Vergniaud, Pierre-Victurnien


Vergniaud, Pierre-Victurnien

▪ French statesman

born May 31, 1753, Limoges, France
died Oct. 31, 1793, Paris
 eloquent spokesman for the moderate Girondin faction during the French Revolution.

      The son of an army contractor, Vergniaud attended college in Paris and in 1781 became an advocate in the Parlement (high court of justice) of Bordeaux. Although he was a capable lawyer, he was so indolent that he refused to take cases unless he was in need of money.

      Vergniaud greeted the outbreak of the Revolution with enthusiasm. In 1790 he attracted widespread attention by pleading the case of a soldier who had been involved in a riot against a landlord. Elected to the administration of the Gironde département (1790), he looked on with approval as the revolutionary National Assembly in Paris abolished France's feudal institutions and restricted the hitherto absolute powers of King Louis XVI. Vergniaud took a seat with the other Girondin deputies in the Legislative Assembly, which succeeded the National Assembly on Oct. 1, 1791, and he spoke with eloquence in favour of war with Austria. After war was declared (April 20, 1792), he exposed Louis XVI's counterrevolutionary intrigues and suggested (July 3) that the King should be deposed. Nevertheless, unlike their Jacobin rivals, Vergniaud and the other Girondins were unwilling to form ties with the disenfranchised lower classes. Faced with the threat of popular insurrection in Paris, Vergniaud attempted secretly to come to terms with the King in late July. The populace of Paris rose against Louis on August 10, and Vergniaud, as president of the Assembly, was forced to propose the suspension of the King and the summoning of a National Convention.

      In the Convention, which met on Sept. 20, 1792, Vergniaud avoided attacking the Montagnards (Montagnard) (as the Jacobin deputies were called) until they revealed (Jan. 3, 1793) his previous negotiations with the King. During the trial of Louis XVI, Vergniaud at first sought to save the monarch's life, but he finally joined the majority in voting (January 1793) for the death sentence. On June 2, 1793, Parisian insurgents, in alliance with the Montagnards, forced the convention to place Vergniaud and 28 other Girondin leaders under house arrest. Vergniaud continued to defy his opponents but made no attempt to escape from Paris. Imprisoned on July 26, he was condemned by the Revolutionary Tribunal on October 30 and guillotined the following day.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Vergniaud, Pierre Victurnien — ► (1753 93) Orador y político francés. Fue uno de los jefes de la Gironda y miembro de la Asamblea legislativa en 1791 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud — était un avocat, homme politique et révolutionnaire français né à Limoges le 31 mai 1753 et mort le 31 octobre 1793. Bien plus que l organe oratoire du parti girondin, il fut l un des plus grands orateurs de la Révolution Française …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud — (31 mai 1753 à Limoges guillotiné 31 octobre 1793 à Paris) était un avocat, homme politique et révolutionnaire français. Bien plus que l organe oratoire du parti girondin, il fut l un des plus grands orateurs de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud — (May 31, 1753 – October 31, 1793) was a French orator and revolutionary.BackgroundHe was born at Limoges, the son of a merchant who lost most of his money by speculation. The boy was sent to the Jesuit college at Limôges, where he did well. Anne… …   Wikipedia

  • Vergniaud — Vergniaud, Pierre Victurnien …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pierre Vergniaud — Pierre Vergniaud. Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud (* 31. Mai 1753 in Limoges; † 31. Oktober 1793 in Paris) war einer der Führer der Girondisten in der Französischen Revolution. Sein Ausspruch „Die Revolution ist wie Saturn, sie frisst ihre eigenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vergniaud — Pierre Vergniaud. Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud (* 31. Mai 1753 in Limoges; † 31. Oktober 1793 in Paris) war einer der Führer der Girondisten in der Französischen Revolution. Sein Ausspruch „Die Revolution ist wie Saturn, sie frisst ihre eigenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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