Vauquelin, Nicolas-Louis


Vauquelin, Nicolas-Louis

▪ French chemist
born May 16, 1763, Saint-André-d'Hébertot, France
died Nov. 14, 1829, Saint-André-d'Hébertot
 French chemist who discovered the elements chromium (1797) and beryllium (1798).

      A peasant's son, Vauquelin went to work in an apothecary shop, where he was befriended by Antoine-François Fourcroy, who made him his laboratory assistant (1783–91). Vauquelin began publishing on his own authority in 1790 and was associated with 376 scientific papers. His teaching and consultative posts date from 1794. In 1809 he succeeded Fourcroy as chemistry professor at the Paris Faculty of Medicine.

      Vauquelin detected chromium in a lead ore from Siberia and beryllium in beryl. His other chemical discoveries included quinic acid, asparagine (the first amino acid to be isolated), camphoric acid, and other naturally occurring compounds. In 1827 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. Vauquelin is also remembered as the sponsor of Louis-Jacques Thenard, another peasant's son who became a famous chemist.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vauquelin, Nicolas-Louis — (1763 1829)    chemist    The discoverer of beryllium and chromium (which he named for the varied colors from Greek, chrome of its components), Nicolas Louis Vau quelin was born in saint André d Hebertot, near Pont l Évêque. With antoine de… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Vauquelin, Nicolas Louis — ► (1763 1829) Químico francés. Descubrió el cromo y el berilio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicolas Louis Vauquelin — Louis Nicolas Vauquelin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vauquelin. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vauquelin — Vauquelin, Nicolas Louis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VAUQUELIN (N. L.) — VAUQUELIN NICOLAS LOUIS (1763 1829) Chimiste français, né et mort à Saint André d’Hébertot près de Pont l’Évêque, qui a découvert les éléments chrome et béryllium (1797). Vauquelin travailla d’abord dans une pharmacie où il fut apprécié par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Louis Nicolas Vauquelin — naturalista, farmacéutico , químico francés Nacimiento 16 de mayo de 1763 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Louis Nicolas Vauquelin — Nicolas Louis Vauquelin Born 16 May 1763(1763 05 16) Saint André d Hébertot …   Wikipedia

  • Louis Jacques Thénard — Le baron Louis Jacques Thénard, né à La Louptière le 4 mai 1777 et mort à Paris le 21 juin 1857, est un chimiste français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin —     Louis Nicolas Vauquelin     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Louis Nicolas Vauquelin     Born at Saint André d Hebertot, Normandy, 16 May, 1763; died 14 Nov., 1829. In youth as apprentice to an apothecary of Rouen he developed a liking for chemistry …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Louis Jacques Thenard — Louis Jacques Thénard Louis Jacques Thénard Le baron Louis Jacques Thénard, né à La Louptière le 4 mai 1777 et mort à Paris le 21 juin 1857, est un chimiste français …   Wikipédia en Français


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