Urhobo


Urhobo

people
      a people of the northwestern part of the Niger River delta in extreme southern Nigeria. They speak a language of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. The term Sobo is used by ethnographers as a cover term for both the Urhobo and their neighbours, the Isoko, but the two groups remain distinct from each other. Their local communities are different in economy, social organization, dialect, and origins.

      Under the influence first of European traders and then of the British colonial administration, the Urhobo and other peoples began to grow oil palms, and later rubber, as cash crops. Yams and cassava, as well as corn (maize), beans, peppers, and peanuts (groundnuts), are the Urhobo's major staple crops. The Urhobo also fish and are known for their canoes, sacred mud sculptures, masks, figures, bronze jewelry, and stilt and masquerade dances.

      Property duties and rights descend patrilineally. The extended family, living in a compound of dwelling structures, is the basis of town or village wards. The Urhobo traditionally worship Oghene, the Supreme Creator, who is connected with the sky. Individuals may also worship personal or ancestral spirits and supernatural powers. Christianity and its clash with existing institutions has resulted in some social problems among the Urhobo. Since the 1960s the Urhobo homeland has been one of Nigeria's main petroleum-producing regions.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Urhobo — Gesprochen in Delta State (Nigeria) Sprecher 500.000 (1990) Linguistische Klassifikation Niger Kongo Atlantik–Kongo Volta–Niger Sm Yeai Edoide Sprachen Süsw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Urhobo — Urhobo,   Stamm der Sobo im nordwestlichen Nigerdelta, Nigeria. Die Urhobo stellen statuarisch wirkende, ausdrucksvolle Ahnenfiguren her, meist weiß, gelegentlich auch gelb und rot gefärbt, mit parallel über die Stirn verlaufenden, vertikalen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Urhobo — The Urhobo are a people of southern Nigeria, near the northwestern Niger River delta. The Urhobos are the major ethnic group in Delta State; the Delta State is one of the 36 states of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. They speak Urhobo, a language …   Wikipedia

  • Urhobo — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Urhobo désigne : un membre du peuple des Urhobos, la langue des Urhobos. Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Urhobo — ISO 639 3 Code : urh ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Urhobo language — Urhobo is one of the Niger Congo languages and is spoken by the Urhobo people of southern Nigeria.Examples Temu : A substance or person reaching a position or status respectively. *It is likely to originate from Atamu/Atumu , meaning Sun… …   Wikipedia

  • Urhobo (langue) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Urhobo. L urhobo est la langue des Urhobos, parlée au Nigéria, en Afrique. Classification L urhobo fait partie des langues édoïdes, un groupe rattaché aux langues bénoué congo, dans la famille nigéro congolaise.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Urhobos — Populations  Nigeria Autre Langue(s) Urhobo Groupe(s) relié …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nana Olomu — (also spelled Olumu)(1852–1916) was an Itsekiri chief and merchant from the Niger Delta region of southern Nigeria. He was the fourth Itsekiri chief to hold the position of Governor of Benin River. Nanna Olomu monument in Koko …   Wikipedia

  • Урхобо (народ) — Урхобо (уробо)  этническая группа, проживающая в южной Нигерии, главным образом, в штате Дельта. Содержание 1 Язык 2 История 3 Этнический конфликт в Варри …   Википедия