Uji


Uji

Japan
      city, Kyōto fu (urban prefecture), west-central Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Uji River in the southeastern corner of the Kyōto Basin. It developed in about the 7th century as a river crossing. During the Tokugawa era (1603–1867) it was the main post town on the road between Nara and Ōtsu.

      Uji is best known as the place where tea was first cultivated in Japan in the Muromachi era (1338–1573). High-quality green tea is still grown on the fertile alluvial fan of the Uji River, and there is cormorant fishing in the river. With improved road and rail connections to Kyōto, the city became a residential suburb and resort, serving the greater urban centre. Among its many historic temples and shrines is the Byōdō Temple, which was built as a residence in the mid-11th century for a minister who later converted the building into a Buddhist temple when he became a Buddhist monk. Minamoto Yorimasa, a warrior and poet who supposedly killed the nue (a monster having the head of a monkey, the body of a tiger, and the tail of a serpent) in 1153, fought against the Taira clan at Uji Bridge in 1180. After his defeat he took refuge in the Byōdō Temple, where he committed seppuku. Pop. (2005) 189,591.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Uji — puede hacer referencia a: La ciudad de Uji, en la prefectura de Kioto, Japón. Las siglas UJI de la Universidad Jaume I de Castellón, España. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Uji — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Uji (homonymie). Uji shi (宇治市) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • uji — ▪ Japanese lineage group       any of the hereditary lineage groups that, until their official abolition in AD 604, formed the basic, decentralized ruling structure of early Japan. They are often referred to as the great clans because of their… …   Universalium

  • Uji — Original name in latin Uji Name in other language Udzi, Uji, Uji cho, Uji ch yu zhi shi, Удзи State code JP Continent/City Asia/Tokyo longitude 34.88333 latitude 135.8 altitude 50 Population 192925 Date 2012 01 19 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • Uji —    A term used from early times in Japan to refer to a lineage group or clan. Any group of people with a common ancestral or tutelary deity, such as a Shinto parish. Members of the uji were called ujibito …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • uji — ˈü(ˌ)jē noun ( s) Etymology: Japanese, maggot : a silkworm disease in Japan caused by the parasitic larva of the uji fly …   Useful english dictionary

  • UJI — Universitat Jaume I (Academic & Science » Universities) …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Uji — ► C. de Japón, en el S de la isla de Hondo, prefectura urbana de Kioto; 178 921 h …   Enciclopedia Universal


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