Uighur language


Uighur language

      member of the Turkic (Turkic languages) subfamily of the Altaic language family, spoken by Uighurs in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang of northwestern China and in portions of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. The modern Uighur language, which was based on the Taranchi dialect spoken in Russia before the Russian Revolution of 1917, is classified with Uzbek in the southeastern (Uighur-Chagatai) branch of the Turkic languages. The Turkic language known as Yellow Uighur was closely related to Uighur but subsequently developed in isolation from it.

      The Uighur literary language was originally written in Arabic script; but a modified Latin alphabet was officially adopted in 1930, and in 1947, a modified Cyrillic alphabet was adopted within the Soviet Union. In China the Arabic script continues to be widely used for writing Uighur, although a modified Latin alphabet was introduced in 1969. The Arabic script was reintroduced in 1983, and it has since been the official Uighur writing system. Education in the Uighur language is coming under pressure from the Chinese government; Xinjiang University, which offered courses taught in both Mandarin and Uighur, was in 2002 ordered to cease teaching in Uighur.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Uighur — or Uigur [wē′goor] n. 〚Uighur name < ?〛 1. a member of a Turkic people, living mainly in W China and Uzbekistan, that ruled in Mongolia and Turkestan in the Middle Ages 2. the Turkic language of this people adj. of the Uighurs or their language… …   Universalium

  • Uighur — noun 1. a member of a people who speak Uighur and live in Xinjiang and adjacent areas • Syn: ↑Uigur, ↑Uygur • Hypernyms: ↑Turki • Member Holonyms: ↑Xinjiang, ↑Sinkiang, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Uighur — or Uigur [wē′goor] n. [Uighur name < ?] 1. a member of a Turkic people, living mainly in W China and Uzbekistan, that ruled in Mongolia and Turkestan in the Middle Ages 2. the Turkic language of this people adj. of the Uighurs or their… …   English World dictionary

  • Uighur — also Uigur noun Etymology: Uighur Uighur Date: 1747 1. a member of a Turkic people powerful in Mongolia and eastern Turkestan between the 8th and 12th centuries A.D. who constitute a majority of the population of Chinese Turkestan 2. the Turkic… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Uighur — [ wi:gə] (also Uigur, Uygur) noun 1》 a member of a Turkic people of NW China. 2》 the Turkic language of the Uighurs. Origin the name in Uighur …   English new terms dictionary

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  • Uighur — ISO 639 3 Code : uig ISO 639 2/B Code : uig ISO 639 2/T Code : uig ISO 639 1 Code : ug Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Uighur — Ui•ghur or Uigur or Uyghur [[t]wē′gər[/t]] n. pl. ghurs or gurs, (esp. collectively) ghur or gur. 1) peo a member of a Turkic people of Central Asia, living mainly in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of W China 2) peo the language of the… …   From formal English to slang

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