Tsubouchi Shōyō


Tsubouchi Shōyō

▪ Japanese author
pseudonym of  Tsubouchi Yūzō  
born June 22, 1859, Ōta, Fukui prefecture, Japan
died Feb. 28, 1935, Atami

      playwright, novelist, critic, and translator who occupied a prominent position in Japanese letters for nearly half a century. He wrote the first major work of modern Japanese literary criticism, Shōsetsu shinzui (1885–86; The Essence of the Novel), translated the complete works of William Shakespeare, helped found the modern Japanese theatre, and was the most famous lecturer at Waseda University in Tokyo.

      Born near Nagoya, the youngest son of a large samurai (warrior class) family, Shōyō graduated from Tokyo Imperial University in 1883. He achieved fame in the 1880s as the translator of Sir Walter Scott, E.G.E. Bulwer-Lytton, and Shakespeare and as the author of nine novels and many political allegories advocating parliamentarism.

      In Shōsetsu shinzui, Shōyō attacked the loosely constructed plots and weak characterizations of contemporary Japanese novels and urged writers to concentrate on analyses of personality in realistic situations. His own best-known novel, however, Tōsei shoseikatagi (1885–86; “The Character of Present-Day Students”), depicting the foolish adventures of a group of contemporary university students, suffered from the same weaknesses that he decried.

      In 1883 Shōyō began teaching social science at the school that later became Waseda University. In 1890 he helped organize its faculty of letters and then helped establish Waseda Middle School, which he later headed. He founded (1891) and edited the literary journal Waseda bungaku. Shōyō was also one of the founders of the shingeki (“new drama”) movement, which introduced the plays of Henrik Ibsen and George Bernard Shaw to Japan and provided an outlet for modern plays by Japanese authors. In 1915 he retired from Waseda University to devote his time to his translation of Shakespeare.

Additional Reading
Marleigh Grayer Ryan, The Development of Realism in the Fiction of Tsubouchi Shōyō (1975), is a good introduction to Shōyō's fiction.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tsubouchi Shoyo — Tsubouchi Shōyō Tsubouchi Shōyō (jap. 坪内 逍遥; eigentlich 坪内 雄蔵 Tsubouchi Yūzō; * 23. Juni 1859 in Ōita, Mino (heute: Minokamo, Gifu); † 28. Januar 1935 in Atami) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tsubouchi Shōyō — (jap. 坪内 逍遥; eigentlich 坪内 雄蔵 Tsubouchi Yūzō; * 23. Juni 1859 in Ōita, Mino (heute: Minokamo, Gifu); † 28. Januar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tsubouchi Shōyō — NoTOC Tsubouchi Shōyō (坪内 逍遥) (May 22, 1859 February 28, 1935) was a Japanese author, critic, playwright, translator, editor, educator, and professor at Waseda University. He was born Tsubouchi Yūzō, in Gifu prefecture. He also used the pen name… …   Wikipedia

  • TSUBOUCHI SHOYO — (1859–1935)    Tsubouchi Shoyo, given name Yuzo, was an author and translator famous for both his groundbreaking literary criticism, exemplified in his essay Shosetsu shinzui (1885; tr. The Essence of the Novel, 1956), and for his original plays… …   Japanese literature and theater

  • Tsubouchi, Shōyō — ► (1859 1935) Escritor japonés. Contribuyó a la difusión de las obras extranjeras. Autor de La esencia de la novela (1885) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tsubouchi — Tsubouchi, Shōyō …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shoyo Tsubouchi — Activités Écrivain Naissance 22 mai 1859 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shoyo Tsubouchi — Tsubouchi Shōyō Tsubouchi Shōyō (jap. 坪内 逍遥; eigentlich 坪内 雄蔵 Tsubouchi Yūzō; * 23. Juni 1859 in Ōita, Mino (heute: Minokamo, Gifu); † 28. Januar 1935 in Atami) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shōyō Tsubouchi — Tsubouchi Shōyō Tsubouchi Shōyō (jap. 坪内 逍遥; eigentlich 坪内 雄蔵 Tsubouchi Yūzō; * 23. Juni 1859 in Ōita, Mino (heute: Minokamo, Gifu); † 28. Januar 1935 in Atami) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tsubouchi — Shōyō Tsubouchi Shōyō (jap. 坪内 逍遥; eigentlich 坪内 雄蔵 Tsubouchi Yūzō; * 23. Juni 1859 in Ōita, Mino (heute: Minokamo, Gifu); † 28. Januar 1935 in Atami) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.