Toraja


Toraja

people
      group of peoples of central Celebes (Sulawesi), Indonesia. They are believed to be descendants of the invading Austronesian-speaking people that overran the island and absorbed or exterminated the aboriginal population. Later they were driven back from the coasts by Muslim Indonesians such as the Buginese. Their warfare and headhunting made it necessary to locate their villages on easily defended hilltops.

      In modern times many have become Muslim and Christian and have developed more accessible villages. They are farmers with only a few industries such as plaiting, pottery, wood carving, and ironworking. Bark clothing is worn in remote districts, and Malayan-style cotton garments are worn where there is contact with more advanced cultures. They file their teeth and wear many ornaments.

      Toraja population at the end of the 20th century was estimated at 600,000. Their language, with many dialects, belongs to the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) family.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toraja — Jeunes filles torajas lors d une cérémonie de mariage Populations Population totale 650000[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toraja — ethnic group image caption=Toraja traditional house, tongkonan . group=Toraja poptime=650,000cite web|url=http://www.toraja.go.id/sosial.php|title=Tana Toraja official website|accessdate=2006 10 04|language=Indonesian] popplace=West Sulawesi,… …   Wikipedia

  • Toraja — Die Toraja sind ein Volk auf dem Hochland Tanah Toraja auf der Insel Sulawesi in Indonesien. Sie sprechen Toraja Sa’dan (basa tora a) eine Austronesische Sprache. Torajahaus Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toraja — Torạja   [ dʒa], Torạdja, Sammelbezeichnung für die in zahlreiche kleine Gruppen untergliederte altindonesische Bevölkerung im zentralen Celebes (Sulawesi) und auf den Togian Inseln, etwa 2 Mio. Angehörige; treiben Reisbau auf Trocken und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • toraja — noun see toradja * * * Toraja var. Toradja …   Useful english dictionary

  • toraja — to·ra·ja …   English syllables

  • Toraja-Sa’dan — Gesprochen in Sulawesi (Indonesien) Sprecher 500.000 (1990) Linguistische Klassifikation Austronesische Sprachen Malayo Polynesische Sprachen Sulawesische Sprachen Süd Sulawesische Sprach …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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