modern  El Jem 
 ancient Roman city south of Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) in what is now Tunisia. Although it was originally a native community influenced by Carthaginian civilization, Thysdrus probably received Julius Caesar's veterans as settlers in 45 BC. Thysdrus did not become a municipium (settlement with partial rights of citizenship) until the reign of Septimius Severus (AD 193–211). In 244 it finally became a Roman colonia (settlement with full rights of citizenship). The wealth of its territory is shown by a vast amphitheatre built there, the largest Roman monument in Africa and second in impressiveness only to the Colosseum at Rome. Because the site lies under the modern town of El Jem, excavation is difficult.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thysdrus — Thysdrus, große, feste Stadt in Byzakene (Afrika), hier wurde Gordian zum Kaiser ausgerufen; Ruinen beim j. El Dschemme …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • THYSDRUS — seu TISDRUS A. Hirtio, de Bell. Afric. c. 36. Tisarum Iul. Capitolin. Tusdrum, seu tusdrus Antonin. Tusdritanum oppid. Plin. l. 5. c. 4. colonia et urbs olim Africae mediterran. a Tevesta 185. mill. pass. ex Antonin. distans. Baudrando Cairoan,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Thysdrus — El Jem El Jem Administration Pays  Tunisie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thysdrus — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thysdrus — Thỵsdrus,   römische Stadt in Nordafrika, El Djem …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thysdrus (Titularbistum) — Thysdrus (ital.: Tisdro) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der gleichnamigen antiken Stadt (heute El Djem in der Sahelregion Tunesiens), die in der römischen Provinz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ФИСДР —    • Thysdrus,          Θύσδρος, укрепленный город в области Бизации (провинции Африки), между Фенами и Фапсом. В нем Гордиан провозглашен был императором; н. el Dschem с великолепными развалинами. Hdt. 7, 6 …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Amphithéâtre d'El Jem — Amphithéâtre d’El Jem Façade de l’amphithéâtre Lieu de construction Thysdrus (Afrique) Dimensions externes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • El Jem — 35° 18′ N 10° 43′ E / 35.30, 10.71 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • El Djem — Infobox Settlement official name = El Djem other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = The town seen from the ruins flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank… …   Wikipedia

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