thickknee


thickknee

bird
also called  Stone Curlew,  

      any of numerous shorebirds that constitute the family Burhinidae (order Charadriiformes). The bird is named for the thickened intertarsal joint of its long, yellowish or greenish legs; or, alternatively, for its size (about that of a curlew, 35 to 50 centimetres, or 14 to 20 inches) and cryptic brown plumage, together with its preference for stony wastelands.

      There are nine species, in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and Central and South America. The bill has a swollen tip, and the head is large and broad: hence another widely used name, dikkop (Afrikaans, “thickhead”). Most of the nine species are nocturnal and have big yellow eyes. At dusk these birds utter wailing or croaking cries. They live mainly on beetles and worms but also on crustaceans, frogs, and mice. They can fly well but normally keep to the ground, running about rapidly with head lowered. They lay two large, nearly oval eggs in a nest on the ground.

      The European stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), called Norfolk plover in England, breeds across southern Europe to India and northern Africa. A tropical African species is known as the water dikkop (B. vermiculatus). The double-striped thickknee (B. bistriatus) inhabits the American tropics. Others are the great stone curlew (Esacus recurvirostris), also called stone plover or reef thickknee, of coastal rivers of India; and the beach stone curlew (Orthorhamphus magnirostris) of Australia.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • charadriiform — ▪ bird order Introduction    any member of the large group of birds (bird) that includes the sandpipers (sandpiper), plovers (plover), gulls (gull), auks (auk), and their relatives. These birds form an important and familiar segment of the… …   Universalium

  • List of birds of Singapore — Singapore has 364 species of birds on the official checklist. In addition to these are some ornamental birds, escapees and free ranging birds from the Singapore Zoo or Jurong Bird Park, making a total of about 400 bird species. This is a… …   Wikipedia

  • bird — birdless, adj. /berrd/, n. 1. any warm blooded vertebrate of the class Aves, having a body covered with feathers, forelimbs modified into wings, scaly legs, a beak, and no teeth, and bearing young in a hard shelled egg. 2. a fowl or game bird. 3 …   Universalium

  • Bird — /berrd/, n. Larry, born 1956, U.S. basketball player. * * * I Any of the warm blooded, beaked vertebrates of the class Aves, including more than 9,600 living species. A covering of feathers distinguishes birds from all other animals. Birds have a …   Universalium

  • curlew — /kerr looh/, n. 1. any of several shorebirds of the genus Numenius, having a long, slender, downcurved bill, as the common N. arquata, of Europe. 2. any of various similar birds. [1300 50; ME < AF curleu, c. MF corleu; perh. imit.] * * * Any of… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.