Thibaw


Thibaw

▪ king of Myanmar
also spelled  Theebaw  
born 1858, Mandalay, Burma
died Dec. 19, 1916, Ratnagiri Fort, India

      last king of Burma, whose short reign (1878–85) ended with the occupation of Upper Burma by the British.

      Thibaw was a younger son of King Mindon (reigned 1853–78) and studied (1875–77) in a Buddhist monastery. As king he was strongly influenced by his wife, Supayalat, and her mother, and his accession to the throne was accompanied by much violence and civil strife.

      In an attempt to enlist the aid of the French against the British, who had annexed Lower Burma during his father's reign, Thibaw's government sent a mission to Paris in 1883. Two years later a commercial treaty was concluded, and a French representative arrived in Mandalay. Rumours circulated that Thibaw's government had granted the French economic concessions in exchange for a political alliance, and British officials in Rangoon, Calcutta, and London began demanding immediate annexation of Upper Burma.

      An occasion for intervention was furnished by the case of the British-owned Bombay-Burmah Trading Corporation, which extracted teak from the Ningyan forest in Upper Burma. When Thibaw charged it with cheating the government, demanding a fine of £100,000, the Indian viceroy, Lord Dufferin, sent an ultimatum to Mandalay in October 1885 demanding a reconsideration of the case. Thibaw ignored the ultimatum, and on Nov. 14, 1885, the British invaded Upper Burma, capturing Mandalay two weeks later. Thibaw was deposed and Upper Burma incorporated into the province of British Burma. Thibaw was exiled to India, where he remained until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Thibaw — may refer to: * Thibaw Min, the last king of Burma, Konbaung Dynasty * Thibaw (Shan State), Myanmar (Burma) …   Wikipedia

  • Thibaw —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Thibaw Min. Thibaw Hsipaw Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thibaw —    See Hsipaw …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Thibaw Min — Thibaw Min, Supayalat et Supayagyi, avant 1885 Thibaw Min (birman သီပေါမင်း ; né Maung Pu le 1er janvier 1859 – 19 décembre 1916 ; ou simplement Thibaw, Theebaw, ou Theobaw (Thibau dans Une …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thibaw Min — Infobox Monarch name =Thibaw Min title =King of Burma caption =King Thibaw Min of Upper Burma circa 1880 reign =October 1, 1878 – November 29, 1885 coronation = othertitles = full name = predecessor =Mindon Min successor =End of dynasty suc type …   Wikipedia

  • Thibaw Min — König Thibaw, neben Königin Supayalat und ihrer Schwester Prinzessin Supayaji …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thibaw, King —    (r. 1878 1885)    Last monarch of the Konbaung Dynasty, he was chosen by court factions to succeed his father, Mindon (r. 1853 1878), because the 19 year old youth was considered pliable. He soon fell under the influence of his secondary queen …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Supayalat — Thibaw Min, Supayalat et Supayagyi, avant 1885 Supayalat (13 décembre 1859 24 novembre 1925) fut la dernière reine de Birmanie. Elle régna à Mandalay (1878 1885). Fille du roi Mindon Min et de la reine d Alenandaw (littéralement : Palais du… …   Wikipédia en Français

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