Tetzel, Johann


Tetzel, Johann

▪ Dominican friar
Tetzel also spelled  Tezel  
born c. 1465, Pirna, Saxony [Germany]
died Aug. 11, 1519, Leipzig
 German Dominican friar whose preaching on indulgences, considered by many of his contemporaries to be an abuse of the sacrament of penance, sparked Martin Luther's (Luther, Martin) reaction.

      After entering the Dominican order, probably at Leipzig, Tetzel was appointed inquisitor for Poland (1509) and later for Saxony. His experiences as a preacher of indulgences, especially between 1503 and 1510, led to his appointment as general commissioner by Albert, archbishop of Mainz, who, deeply in debt to pay for a large accumulation of benefices, had to contribute a considerable sum toward the rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Albert obtained permission from Pope Leo X to conduct the sale of a special plenary indulgence (i.e., remission of the temporal punishment of sin), half of the proceeds of which Albert was to claim to pay the fees of his benefices. In effect, Tetzel became a salesman whose product was to cause a scandal in Germany that evolved into the greatest crisis (the Reformation) in the history of the Western church.

      Tetzel preached for the indulgence in the German dioceses of Meissen (1516), Magdeburg, and Halberstadt (1517), but he was forbidden to do so in electoral Saxony by the elector Frederick III the Wise of Saxony. Tetzel's preaching at Jüterbog, near Wittenberg, in the spring of 1517 provoked Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses at Wittenberg on Oct. 31, 1517, attacking the system of indulgences. In reply, an uncompromising 50 theses under Tetzel's name (but composed by the theologian Konrad Wimpina) were published in May 1518. At the end of 1518 Tetzel withdrew to Leipzig priory, where he died.

      Tetzel was not a profound theologian and was severely criticized for his unorthodox teaching on indulgences for the dead. His view that gifts secured this indulgence, together with the financial transactions surrounding the preaching of it, was symptomatic of the abuses that provoked the Reformation.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tetzel, Johann — • First public antagonist of Luther (1465 1519) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tetzel, Johann — (c. 1465–1519)    Preacher.    Tetzel is remembered as the Dominican friar who was commissioned to sell Indulgences for the rebuilding of St Peter’s Cathedral, Rome, in the regions of Magdeburg and Halberstadt. luther heard him peddling his wares …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Johann Tetzel —     Johann Tetzel     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Johann Tetzel     First public antagonist of Luther, b. at Pirna in Meissen, 1465; d. at Leipzig, 11 Aug., 1519. He began his studies at Leipzig during the semester of 1482 83; was promoted to the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Johann Tetzel — Der Dominikanermönch Johann Tetzel (* um 1460 in Pirna (oder Leipzig [1]); † 11. August 1519 in Leipzig) war Ablassprediger und gab den Anlass für Luthers Thesenanschlag …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Tetzel — Johann Tetzel. Johann Tetzel (1465 in Pirna – 11 August 1519) was a Dominican preacher accused of selling indulgences and known for a couplet attributed to him: As soon as a coin in the coffer rings / the soul from purgatory springs. [1] Or …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Tetzel — (1465 1519) est un prêtre dominicain allemand, surtout célèbre pour les trafics d indulgences destinées à financer la construction de la basilique Saint Pierre de Rome. Il s inscrit dans la démarche politique de vente des indulgences organisée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tetzel — Tetzel, Johann, kath. Theolog, geb. um 1465 in Pirna (nicht Leipzig), gest. wahrscheinlich 4. Juli (nicht August) 1519 in Leipzig, trat um 1489 in den Dominikanerorden und wurde 1509 zum Inquisitor für Sachsen ernannt. Von 1504–10 predigte er den …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tetzel — ist der Name folgender Personen: Joan Tetzel (1921–1977), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Johann Tetzel (1465–1519), Ablassprediger und Gegenspieler Luthers Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Heinrich Häßlein — (* 21. Februar 1737 in Nürnberg; † 14. Oktober 1796 ebenda),[1] auch Häslein und Häszlein, war ein deutscher Sprachforscher. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Erhard Kapp — (* 23. März 1696 in Oberkotzau ; † 7. Februar 1756 in Leipzig) war ein deutscher Rhetoriker und Historiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.