Terauchi Masatake, Count


Terauchi Masatake, Count

▪ prime minister of Japan
born July 12, 1852, Yamaguchi, Nagato province, Japan
died Nov. 7, 1919, Ōiso
 Japanese soldier and politician who served as Japanese prime minister (1916–18) during World War I.

      He was born into a family of retainers of the Chōshū clan and originally was named Tada Jusaburō. Masatake changed his name when he was adopted into the Terauchi family during his youth. He entered the military at the age of 12 and became a protégé of Yamagata Aritomo, creator of the modern Japanese armed forces. In 1902 Terauchi was made army minister, a position he held for 10 years. In May 1910 he was concurrently appointed resident general of the Japanese colony in Korea, with orders to complete the annexation of Korea to Japan. He rapidly completed the Japanese military's control of the country, forcing the Korean government to accept an annexation treaty on Aug. 22, 1910.

      In October 1916, at Yamagata's insistence, Terauchi became prime minister of a new Cabinet. At a time of growing party dominance over the government, the appointment of a nonpolitical figure was something of an anomaly, and Terauchi was able to govern only with the aid of an all-party Cabinet. Nevertheless, he pursued a forceful policy in foreign affairs, working to increase Japanese influence on the Chinese mainland by financially supporting pro-Japanese warlords in China. Further, Terauchi agreed to aid Great Britain and its allies during World War I only in exchange for secret agreements allowing for Japanese rights on the Chinese mainland; the agreements were later validated at the Treaty of Versailles (Versailles, Treaty of) in 1919. Terauchi's last official act was to propose Japanese intervention in Siberia, after the Russian Revolution, in the hope of gaining control of the Trans-Siberian Railway and consequently strengthening the Japanese position in Manchuria (Northeast). His government collapsed in 1918, when the Rikken Seiyūkai party withdrew its support as a result of rioting in Tokyo over a rice shortage.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Terauchi Masatake — In this Japanese name, the family name is Terauchi . Terauchi Masatake 寺内 正毅 9th Prime Minister of Japan In office …   Wikipedia

  • Hisaichi Terauchi — Infobox Military Person name=Count Terauchi Hisaichi lived=8 August 1879 12 June 1946 placeofbirth=Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan placeofdeath= Malaya caption= Japanese General Count Terauchi Hisaichi nickname= allegiance=Empire of Japan branch=… …   Wikipedia

  • japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …   Universalium

  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium

  • Prime ministers of Japan — ▪ Table Prime ministers of Japan name party term Ito Hirobumi (Itō Hirobumi) (1st time)   1885–88 Kuroda Kiyotaka (Kuroda Kiyotaka, Count)   1888–89 Yamagata Aritomo (1st time)   1889–91 Matsukata Masayoshi (1st time)   1891–92 Ito Hirobumi (Itō… …   Universalium

  • South Manchuria Railway — Headquarters of South Manchuria Railway, Dalian The South Manchuria Railway Company (南満州鉄道株式会社/南満洲鉄道株式会社, Minami Manshū Tetsudō Kabushiki gaisha, or 満鉄 Mantetsu …   Wikipedia

  • Hideo Kodama — Count nihongo|Hideo Kodama|兒玉 秀雄|Kodama Hideo|extra= July 19, 1876 – April 7, 1947, was a politician and wartime cabinet minister in the Empire of Japan. He was the eldest son of famed Russo Japanese War general Kodama Gentarō, and his wife was… …   Wikipedia

  • Korea under Japanese rule — (Chōsen (Korea), Empire of Japan) 日本統治時代の朝鮮(大日本帝国朝鮮) 일제 강점기 (日帝强占期) Japanese colony …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Außenminister Japans — Dies ist eine chronologische Liste aller Außenminister von Japan. Die Amtszeiten im Kabinett werden nicht in der Tabelle geführt. Beispielsweise wird Takeaki Matsumoto als 79. Person aufgezählt, die japanischer Außenminister wurde, während seine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Governor-General of Korea — The post of Governors General of Korea (Korean: 조선총독부, Hanja: 朝鮮總督府, Japanese: 朝鮮総督府) served as the chief administrator of the Japanese government in Korea while it was held as the Japanese colony of Chōsen from 1910 to 1945. The role and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.