tennō


tennō

▪ Japanese title
      (Japanese: “heavenly emperor”), the title of Japan's chief of state, bestowed posthumously together with the reign name chosen by the emperor (e.g., Meiji Tennō, the emperor Meiji). The term was first used at the beginning of the Nara period (710–784) as a translation of the Chinese t'ien-huang, or “heavenly emperor,” and replaced the older title of mikado, or “imperial gate.”

      According to Japanese tradition, the imperial line was founded in 660 BC by the legendary emperor Jimmu, a direct descendant of the sun goddess Amaterasu. Around the 3rd century AD, the imperial clan defeated rival chieftains and first asserted suzerainty over central and western Japan. The imperial institution survived for 2,000 years despite the removal of individual emperors and murders resulting from court intrigues. From the 12th to 19th century, however, aristocratic and military clans held virtually all the emperor's power (see shogunate). In 1868 the leaders of the Meiji Restoration claimed the reestablishment of direct imperial rule and built a centralized nation-state with the emperor as the symbol of national unity; loyalty to the emperor was made a sacred duty and a patriotic obligation, though he was actually given few governmental responsibilities.

      The high priest of the Shintō cult and of divine ancestry, the Japanese emperor had been invested with an aura of sacred inviolability. The defeat of Japan in World War II dealt a blow to the emperor cult and the ancient myths of divine origin; the postwar constitution referred to the emperor as a symbol of the state, without effective political power.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tenno — Tennō oder sumera mikoto (jap. 天皇, tennō oder sumeragi, dt. Himmlischer Herrscher oder eingedeutscht Tenno), auch bekannt als der Mikado (帝, Göttlicher [Kaiser], Schöpfer; oder 御門, erlauchtes Tor) ist ein japanischer Herrscher und Adelstitel, der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tennô — Tennō oder sumera mikoto (jap. 天皇, tennō oder sumeragi, dt. Himmlischer Herrscher oder eingedeutscht Tenno), auch bekannt als der Mikado (帝, Göttlicher [Kaiser], Schöpfer; oder 御門, erlauchtes Tor) ist ein japanischer Herrscher und Adelstitel, der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tenno — / Tem …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tenno — may refer to:* Tennō, Emperor of Japan * Tenno (TN), Italian comune and city …   Wikipedia

  • tenno — TÉNNO s. v. mikado. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  TÉNNO s.m. Denumire autohtonă a împăratului Japoniei. [< germ. Tenno < cuv. japonez]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • Tenno — Ten*no , n. [Jap. tenn[=o], fr. Chin. t ien heaven + wang king.] Lit., King of Heaven; a title of the emperor of Japan as the head of the Shinto religion. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tennō — Der aktuelle Tennō Akihito und Kaiserin Michiko Tennō oder sumera mikoto (jap. 天皇, tennō oder sumeragi, dt. Himmlischer Herrscher oder eingedeutscht Tenno), auch bekannt als der Mikado (帝 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tennô — Empereur du Japon Étendard de l empereur du Japon Japon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tennō — Empereur du Japon Étendard de l empereur du Japon Japon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tenno (TN) — Infobox CityIT img coa = official name = Tenno name = Tenno region = Trentino Alto Adige/Südtirol province = Trento (TN) elevation m = 428 area total km2 = 28.3 population as of = Dec. 2004 population total = 1823 population density km2 = 64… …   Wikipedia

  • Tenno — Tẹn|no 〈m. 6; Titel für〉 japanischer Kaiser [jap., „Erhabener, Herrscher des Himmels“] * * * Tẹn|no, der; [s], s [jap. tennō, eigtl. = himmlischer (Herrscher)]: a) <o. Pl.> Titel des japanischen Herrschers; b) Träger des Titels Tenno (a) …   Universal-Lexikon


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