tenebrism


tenebrism

art
 in the history of Western painting, the use of extreme contrasts of light and dark in figurative compositions to heighten their dramatic effect. (The term is derived from the Latin tenebrae, “darkness.”) In tenebrist paintings the figures are often portrayed against a background of intense darkness, but the figures themselves are illuminated by a bright, searching light that sets off their three-dimensional forms by a harsh but exquisitely controlled chiaroscuro (q.v.). The technique was introduced by the Italian painter Caravaggio (1571?–1610) and was taken up in the early 17th century by painters influenced by him, including the French painter Georges de La Tour, the Dutch painters Gerrit van Honthorst and Hendrik Terbrugghen, and the Spanish painter Francisco de Zurbarán.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tenebrism — 1959, from tenebroso (1886), from It. tenebroso dark, from L. tenebrosus, from tenebrae darkness (see TEMERITY (Cf. temerity)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Tenebrism — Martyrdom of St Andrew by Jusepe de Ribera, 1628 Tenebrism, from the Italian tenebroso (murky), (also called dramatic illumination) is a style of painting using very pronounced chiaroscuro, where there are violent contrasts of light and dark, and …   Wikipedia

  • tenebrism — ˈtenəˌbrizəm noun ( s) Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Latin tenebrae darkness + English ism : a style of painting typically associated with the Italian painter Caravaggio and his followers of the late 16th and early 17th centuries that… …   Useful english dictionary

  • tenebrism — noun Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Latin tenebrae darkness Date: 1954 a style of painting especially associated with the Italian painter Caravaggio and his followers in which most of the figures are engulfed in shadow but some are… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tenebrism — noun A style of painting using very pronounced chiaroscuro, with darkness a dominating feature of the image. See Also: tenebrist, tenebristic …   Wiktionary

  • tenebrism — ten·e·brism …   English syllables

  • tenebrism — /ˈtɛnəbrɪzəm/ (say tenuhbrizuhm) noun a style of painting of the late 16th and early 17th centuries, characterised by a general darkness of tone relieved and illuminated by dramatic lights. {Latin tenebrae darkness + ism} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Caravaggio — For other uses, see Caravaggio (disambiguation). Caravaggio Chalk portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni, c. 1621. Birth name Michelangelo Merisi …   Wikipedia

  • Chiaroscuro — For other uses, see Chiaroscuro (disambiguation). Clair obscur redirects here. For the album by Françoise Hardy, see Clair Obscur. For the book by Jean Cocteau, see Jean Cocteau. Giovanni Baglione. Sacred and Profane Love. 1602–1603, showing… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Jordaens — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Jacob Jordaens imagesize = caption = Self Portrait with Parents, Brothers, and Sisters ( c . 1615). Oil on canvas. The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia birthname = Jacob Jordaens birthdate = May 19, 1593… …   Wikipedia


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