tariqa


tariqa

Islam
also spelled  tariqah,  Arabic  tarīqah 

      (“road,” “path,” or “way”), the Muslim spiritual path toward direct knowledge (maʿrifah) of God or Reality (aqq). In the 9th and 10th centuries tariqa meant the spiritual path of individual Sufis (mystics). After the 12th century, as communities of followers gathered around sheikhs (or pīrs, “teachers”), tariqa came to designate the sheikh's entire ritual system, which was followed by the community or mystic order. Eventually tariqa came to mean the order itself.

      Each mystic order claimed a chain of spiritual descent (silsilah) from the Prophet Muhammad, established procedures for initiation of members (murid, ikhwan, darwīsh, fakir), and prescribed disciplines. By following the path of a known “friend of God,” or Sufi saint, under the guidance of his sheikh, the Sufi might himself achieve the mystical state (hāl) of the friends of God. Though sober teachers inveighed against excesses, the search for spiritual ecstasy sometimes led to such practices as drug taking and wild acrobatics, activities that earned for some of the orders the names whirling, howling, and dancing dervishes. Dervish orders frequently established monasteries (ribat, khankah, zāwiyah, tekke) in which laity as well as members were invited to stay.

      First established in the 12th century, the orders numbered in the hundreds by the mid-20th century, with a membership in the millions. The greatest expansion of Sufi tariqas has been in the central Islamic countries, where they played a vital role in the religious life of the Muslim community. Orders also exist in West Africa, eastern Europe, India, and in Central and Far Eastern Asia.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tariqa — (arabisch ‏طريقة‎, DMG ṭarīqa; arabischer Plural: turuq / ‏طرق‎ / ṭuruq deutsch Tariqas) bedeutet übersetzt Weg. In Zusammenhang mit dem Sufismus (islamische Mystik) hat es die Bedeutung von Weg, auf dem der Mystiker wandert und wird auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tariqa — Tarîqa (arabe : طَرِيقة [tarīqa], pl.: turuq: طرق, procédé; voie; méthode) est un terme qui s’applique généralement à la désignation des ordres mystiques dans l islam ou confréries soufies. Les différents traités soufis symbolisent la tarîqa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tariqa — ● tariqa nom féminin (mot arabe signifiant voie menant à Dieu) Communauté ou confrérie musulmanes, société initiatique soufie dont les membres participent, sous le contrôle d un maître, à un rituel de prières et d invocations d Allah (dhikr) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tariqa — This article is part of the series …   Wikipedia

  • Tariqa — Una tarīqa (en árabe طريقة, plural طريقات tarīqāt o طرق turuq) es una orden espiritual dentro del camino místico del Islam, denominado sufismo. Existen diferentes órdenes en el sufismo, repartidas tanto por el oriente como por el occidente del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ṭarīqa — Das arabische Wort Tariqa (‏طريقة‎, DMG ṭarīqa; arabischer Plural: turuq / ‏طرق‎ / ṭuruq deutsch Tariqas) bedeutet übersetzt Weg. In Zusammenhang mit dem Sufismus (islamische Mystik) hat es die Bedeutung von Weg, auf dem der Mystiker wandert und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tariqa — noun a Sufi method of discipline, meditation and mystical insight …   Wiktionary

  • tariqa — ta·ri·qa …   English syllables

  • tariqa — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tariqa sufitum — es una asociación religiosa dentro del Islam Sunni. El término que le da nombre está formado por formado por Tariqa que es una hermandad o cofradia y sufitum que es la parte más pura del sufismo asociado al conocimiento interno de uno mismo y a… …   Wikipedia Español


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