Svinhufvud, Pehr Evind


Svinhufvud, Pehr Evind

▪ president of Finland
born Dec. 15, 1861, Sääksmäki, Fin.
died Feb. 29, 1944, Luumäki
 first chief of state of independent Finland, as prime minister and then as president. He headed the Finnish government during his country's civil war (1918) and in the early 1930s. He was instrumental in suppressing Finland's Communist Party and maintaining a rightist regime.

      Svinhufvud entered the Finnish Parliament in 1894, while Finland was still part of the Russian Empire. His anti-Russian position earned him exile in Siberia from 1914 to 1917. Having returned at the outbreak of the Russian Revolution of March 1917, he became prime minister of Finland, on November 27. He led the victorious “White” government during the Finnish Civil War of 1918 and secured (with German aid) Finland's independence from Soviet Russia. Being pro-German, he resigned after Germany's defeat in World War I and entered the conservative National Coalition Party. As prime minister from July 5, 1930, to Feb. 16, 1931, and president from March 2, 1931, to Feb. 28, 1937, he aided the rightist Lapua Movement in the suppression of the Communist Party but resisted efforts to turn Finland into an authoritarian, antidemocratic state.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pehr Evind Svinhufvud — (1861 1944), político finlandés, tercer presidente de la República de Finlandia (1931 1937), licenciado en derecho. Antes de la independencia de Finlandia (el 6 de diciembre de 1917, Svinhufvud era diputado en el grupo del estado noble, en el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pehr Evind Svinhufvud — Infobox President|name= Pehr Evind Svinhufvud order=3rd President of Finland nationality=Finnish term start=March 1, 1931 term end=March 1, 1937 predecessor=Lauri Kristian Relander successor=Kyösti Kallio order2=Prime Minister of Finland term… …   Wikipedia

  • Gouvernement de Pehr Evind Svinhufvud — Le gouvernement de Pehr Evind Svinhufvud. le Gouvernement de Pehr Evind Svinhufvud (en finnois : Svinhufvudin senaatti) ou aussi (en finnois : Svinhufvudin I hallitus) fut le premier gouvernement de la République finlandaise que l on… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Svinhufvud — Svinhufvud, Pehr Evind …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Svinhufvud — bei einer Radioansprache im Jahre 1935. Pehr Evind Svinhufvud [pæːr ˈeːvind ˈsviːnhʉːvɵd], ( * 15. Dezember 1861 in Sääksmäki; † 29. Februar 1944 in Luumäki), mit vollem adligem Namen Svinhufvud af Qvalstad, war ein finnischer Politiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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