Suso, Heinrich


Suso, Heinrich

▪ German mystic
Suso also spelled  Seuse,  also called  Henry Suso,  original name  Heinrich von Berg 
born March 21, 1295?, probably Constance, Swabia
died Jan. 25, 1366, Ulm

      one of the chief German mystics and leaders of the Friends of God (Gottesfreunde), a circle of devout ascetic Rhinelanders who opposed contemporary evils and aimed for a close association with God.

      Of noble birth, Suso joined the Dominicans in Constance, where five years later he experienced a profound religious awakening. Between c. 1322 and c. 1325 he was in Cologne for theological studies under Meister Eckehart, considered to be one of the greatest German speculative mystics. Suso returned c. 1326 to teach at Constance, where he wrote c. 1327 his first work, Little Book of Truth, in defense of Eckehart, who for his controversial works had been tried (1327). Suso's masterpiece is considered to be his Little Book of Eternal Wisdom (c. 1328), which subsequently became possibly the most popular religious treatise until Thomas à Kempis' (died 1471) influential Imitatio Christi. Although containing some mystical topics and theological reflections, Eternal Wisdom is essentially a practical work written in simple language.

      In 1327/30 Suso was removed from his professorship for his doctrine and for his defense of Eckehart, who was condemned by the Pope in 1329. Some scholars hold that he wrote c. 1334/48 Horologium sapientie (“Clock of Wisdom”), a Latin adaptation of Eternal Wisdom, with hopes of securing Eckehart's approval. Others believe that the Horologium preceded Eternal Wisdom. He later became a well-known preacher, particularly in Switzerland and the upper Rhine. He was prior of the Friends of God in Constance (1343–44), then exiled to Diessenhofen, Switz., by the German king Louis IV the Bavarian. Before moving to Ulm c. 1347, Suso was broken by hardships, persecutions, and slander. He was beatified by Pope Gregory XVI in 1831, and his traditional feast day is March 15.

      The best English translations of the Little Book of Eternal Wisdom and Little Book of Truth are considered to be those of J.M. Clark (1953).

Additional Reading
Frank J. Tobin (ed.), Henry Suso: The Exemplar, with Two German Sermons (1989).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Suso, Heinrich — altSuso o Suson, Heinrich/alt (Seuse) ► (1295 1365) Beato alemán; predicador y místico de la orden dominicana. Contribuyó a la formación y desarrollo de la prensa alemana …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Suso — (del lat. «sursum») adv. Arriba. ≃ Asuso. De suso (ant.). De arriba. * * * suso. (Del lat. sursum, sussum). adv. l. p. us. arriba. || de suso. loc. adv. ant …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heinrich Suso — Spätere Darstellung: Holzschnitt des 15. Jahrhunderts Dominikanerkloster in Konstanz, historisierende Rekonstruktion Heinrich Seuse (* 21. März …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich von Seuse — Spätere Darstellung: Holzschnitt des 15. Jahrhunderts Dominikanerkloster in Konstanz, historisierende Rekonstruktion Heinrich Seuse (* 21. März …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Seuse — Spätere Darstellung: Holzschnitt des 15. Jahrhunderts Dominikanerkloster in Konstanz, historisierende Rekonstruktion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich-Suso-Gymnasium — Schultyp Gymnasium Gründung 1604 Ort Konstanz Bundesland Baden Württemberg Staat Deutschland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich-Suso-Gymnasium Konstanz — Schulform Gymnasium Gründung 1604 Ort Konstanz Land Baden Württemberg Staat Deutschland Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Suso Groner — OCist (* 14. Dezember 1895 in Tomerdingen; † 7. August 1968) war Abt der Territorialabtei Wettingen Mehrerau. Groner wurde als Sohn des Rößlewirts Josef Groner und seiner Ehefrau Anna geb. Linder in Tomerdingen bei Ulm geboren. Seine Eltern gaben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Suso Braun — (* 2. Mai 1904 in Riedlingen; † 23. Mai 1977 in Imst) war ein Philosoph und Theologe des Kapuzinerordens. Brauns Schwerpunkte lagen auf der Praktischen Theologie und seinem Wirken als Radioprediger. Heinrich Suso Braun, der im schwäbischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Seuse Denifle —     Heinrich Seuse Denifle     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Heinrich Seuse Denifle     (Baptized JOSEPH.)     Paleographer and historian, born at Imst in the Austrian Tyrol, 16 Jan., 1844, d. at Munich, 10 June, 1905. His father, who was the village …   Catholic encyclopedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.