Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of, Baron Spencer Of Wormleighton


Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of, Baron Spencer Of Wormleighton

▪ British statesman
born 1674
died April 9, 1722, London, England
 British statesman, one of the Whig ministers who directed the government of King George I from 1714 to 1721. His scheme of having the South Sea Company take over the national debt led to a speculation mania known as the South Sea Bubble, which ended in financial disaster (1720).

      The son of the 2nd Earl of Sunderland and the son-in-law of the Duke of Marlborough, he succeeded to the earldom in 1702. He joined the Junto, a group of leading Whigs, and served under Queen Anne as secretary of state from 1706 to 1710, when he and his Whig colleagues were expelled from office.

      After George I's accession in 1714, Sunderland was made lord lieutenant of Ireland and then (1715) lord privy seal in a ministry that included James Stanhope, Robert Walpole, and Viscount Charles Townshend. In 1717 Sunderland and Stanhope ousted Townshend and Walpole in a dispute over Stanhope's foreign policy. Sunderland then took control of domestic affairs, becoming lord president of the Privy Council and first lord of the Treasury (1718). In 1719 Sunderland's Peerage Bill, designed to assure a permanent Whig majority in the House of Lords, was soundly defeated, and after the South Sea scandal (in which he had been bribed) he yielded his office to Walpole in 1721.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Earl of Sunderland — The title of Earl of Sunderland was created in the Peerage of England in 1643. In 1733, the 5th Earl succeeded to the title of Duke of Marlborough, with which title the earldom has ever since been merged, and generally used as a courtesy title… …   Wikipedia

  • Walpole, Robert, 1st earl of Orford — born Aug. 26, 1676, Houghton Hall, Norfolk, Eng. died March 18, 1745, London English statesman generally regarded as the first British prime minister. Elected to the House of Commons in 1701, he became an active Whig parliamentarian. He served as …   Universalium

  • Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland — KG PC (September 5 1641 ndash; September 28 1702) was an English statesman and nobleman.Born in Paris, son of Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland, Spencer inherited his father s peerage dignities at the age of three, becoming Baron Spencer of… …   Wikipedia

  • John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough — John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, JP, DL (born 13 April 1926), is the son of Lt. Col. John Spencer Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough and his wife, Hon. Alexandra Mary Hilda Cadogan. His principal seat is… …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Duke of Marlborough (title) — This article is about the peerage. For the military commander, see John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Dukedom of Marlborough Creation date 1702 Created by …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Marlborough — The Dukedom of Marlborough (named after Marlborough, pronEng|ˈmɔrlbrə Maul bruh ), is a hereditary title of British nobility in the Peerage of England. The first holder of the title was John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650 ndash;1722),… …   Wikipedia

  • Dukedoms of the British Isles by reign — This page lists extant dukedoms in the Peerages of the British Isles, listed by the monarch who created them see also List of dukedoms in the peerages of the British Isles. Contents 1 Peerage of England 1.1 Heir to the throne (special case) …   Wikipedia