Subiaco


Subiaco

Italy
ancient (Latin)  Sublaqueum 

      town, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. It lies along the Aniene River, 1,345 feet (410 m) above sea level, about 45 miles (73 km) east of Rome. Its ancient name recalls its position below three small lakes where the emperor Nero built a villa. An inundation destroyed the lakes in 1305, and only traces remain of the villa. St. Benedict (Benedict of Nursia, Saint) retired as a hermit (c. 494) to a cave, Sacro Speco (“Holy Grotto”), above the lakes; he founded 12 monasteries in the district before departing for Cassino. The Abbey of San Benedetto on the mountain slope has 9th-century frescoes in the Grotta dei Pastori (“Grotto of the Shepherds”). St. Benedict's cave and the lower church of Sacro Speco contain 13th-century frescoes; scenes from the life of Christ by painters of the 13th- and 14th-century Sienese school are in the upper church. The church dedicated to St. Scholastica, St. Benedict's sister, was first built in 981; it was reconstructed in the Gothic style after an earthquake (1228). The first printing press in Italy was established in the Church of Santa Scholastica by the German monks Arnold Pannartz and Conrad Schweinheim in 1464. The town itself is dominated by the Rocca Abaziale (fortress), originally built in 1073. Subiaco preserves its medieval form and owes many of its buildings to Pope Pius VI, who as cardinal was commendatory abbot of the monastery.

      The town is an important agricultural centre and has paper mills and stone quarries. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 9,296.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Subiaco — Subiaco …   Wikipedia Español

  • Subiaco — Vue de Subiaco et de la Rocca abbaziale Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Subiaco — • A city in the Province of Rome, twenty five miles from Tivoli, received its name from the artificial lakes of the villa of Nero and is renowned for its sacred grotto (Sagro Speco), the Abbey of St. Scholastica, and the archiepiscopal residence… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Subiaco — may refer to:*Subiaco, Italy the site of St. Benedict s first monastery. *Subiaco, Western Australia, a suburb of Perth. *City of Subiaco, a local government municipality in Perth, Western Australia centred on the suburb of the same name.… …   Wikipedia

  • Subiaco — ist der Name folgender Orte: Subiaco (Latium), eine Gemeinde in der Provinz Rom in Italien Subiaco (Arkansas), eine Gemeinde in Arkansas, USA Subiaco City, ein Local Government Area in Westaustralien Sonstiges: Subiaco Oval, ein Stadion in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Subiaco — Subiaco, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 439 Housing Units (2000): 167 Land area (2000): 1.842314 sq. miles (4.771572 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003500 sq. miles (0.009066 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.845814 sq. miles (4.780638 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Subiaco, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 439 Housing Units (2000): 167 Land area (2000): 1.842314 sq. miles (4.771572 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003500 sq. miles (0.009066 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.845814 sq. miles (4.780638 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Subiaco — Subiaco, 1) District in der Comarca di Roma des Kirchenstaates; 2) (im Alterthum Sublaqueum), Stadt darin, höchst malerisch in den Simbrivinischen Bergen unweit des Teverone gelegen; mit Päpstlichem Schloß, Trümmern einer Villa Neros,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Subiáco — (das röm. Sublaqueum, d. h. »unterhalb der Seen« Neros), Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreise Rom, 408 m ü. M., in den Sabinerbergen, am rechten Ufer des Aniene (Teverone), an der Eisenbahn Mandela S. höchst romantisch gelegen, daher viel… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Subiaco — Subiāco, Gemeinde in der ital. Prov. Rom, am Teverone, (1901) 8005 E., Reste einer Villa Neros, früher päpstl. Sommerresidenz; Ursprung des Benediktinerordens …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Subiaco — Subiaco, das alte Sublaquium, Stadt östl. von Rom, am Teverone, in reizender Lage, mit 3000 E., schöner Kirche, päpstlichem Schloß …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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