Sturnidae


Sturnidae

▪ bird family
      songbird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of the starlings (starling), mynas, and oxpeckers, about 107 species of jaunty, aggressive birds distributed worldwide.

      Members range in size from 16.5 to 42 centimetres (6.5 to 16.5 inches) long. They have slightly downcurved bills, long, pointed wings, and strong legs and feet. Starlings are typically dark coloured, often with metallic sheen. Some are crested or display wattles or bare patches of skin. They chatter continually while in flight and when roosting, often gathering in spectacular numbers. The widespread common starling (Sturnus vulgaris) consumes large numbers of insects but also feeds on grain and small fruits, competing severely with other desirable songbirds. Since their introduction into North America in 1890 (Central Park, N.Y.), they have grown to such large numbers that they are widely regarded as pests in and near cities. The Asian hill mynas (Gracula religiosa) are notable talking cage birds. African oxpeckers (Buphagus) extract ticks from the hides of large animals. Several starlings are now extinct, among the most curious of which is the mysterious starling (Aplonis mavornata), not seen since 1774, when only one specimen was collected somewhere in the Pacific.

      The Sturnidae is a well-defined family belonging to the songbird suborder (Passeres).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sturnidae — Sturnidés Étourneau sansonnet ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sturnidae —   Sturnidae Sturnus vulgaris …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sturnidae — ? Скворцовые Обыкновенный скворец Научная классификация Царство: Животные Тип …   Википедия

  • Sturnidae — Stare Hirtenmaina (Acridotheres tristis) Systematik Unterstamm: Wirbeltiere (Vertebrata) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturnidae — varnėniniai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Sturnidae angl. starlings vok. Stare rus. скворцовые pranc. sturnidés; étourneaux ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tikrieji giesmininkai siauresnis terminas – aploniai siauresnis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Sturnidae — noun Old World starlings • Syn: ↑family Sturnidae • Hypernyms: ↑bird family • Member Holonyms: ↑Oscines, ↑suborder Oscines, ↑Passeres, ↑suborder Passeres …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sturnidae — Stụrnidae   [lateinisch], die Stare …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sturnidae — stur·ni·dae …   English syllables

  • Семейство Скворцовые (Sturnidae) —          Скворцы некрупные птицы (длина тела большинства из них 20 25 см, а вес не превышает 100 г) плотного телосложения, с коротким хвостом и длинными крыльями. Ноги сильные, хорошо приспособленные как для передвижения по земле (где многие виды …   Биологическая энциклопедия

  • family Sturnidae — noun Old World starlings • Syn: ↑Sturnidae • Hypernyms: ↑bird family • Member Holonyms: ↑Oscines, ↑suborder Oscines, ↑Passeres, ↑suborder Passeres …   Useful english dictionary


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