Stirner, Max


Stirner, Max

▪ German philosopher
pseudonym of  Johann Kaspar Schmidt  
born Oct. 25, 1806, Bayreuth, Bavaria [Germany]
died June 26, 1856, Berlin, Prussia

      German anti-statist philosopher in whose writings many anarchists of the late 19th and the 20th centuries found ideological inspiration. His thought is sometimes regarded as a source of 20th-century existentialism.

      After teaching in a girls' preparatory school in Berlin, Stirner made a scanty living as a translator, preparing what became a standard German version of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations. He contributed articles to the liberal periodical Rheinische Zeitung, which was in part edited by Karl Marx (Marx, Karl). Later, Marx tried to refute Stirner's ideas, ironically calling him “Sankt Max” (“Saint Max”). His most influential work is Der Einzige und sein Eigentum (1845; The Ego and His Own).

      Stirner believed that there was no objective social reality independent of the individual; social classes, the state, the masses, and humanity are abstractions and therefore need not be considered seriously. He wrote of a finite, empirical ego, which he saw as the motive force of every human action. Writing chiefly for working-class readers, he taught that all persons are capable of the self-awareness that would make them “egoists,” or true individuals.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stirner, Max — ► (1806 56) Seudónimo de Kaspar Schmidt, filósofo alemán. Su obra es la fundamentación filosófica del anarquismo individualista, que expone en El único y su propiedad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stirner, Max — pseud. di Schmidt, Johann Kaspar …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Stirner — Stirner, Max …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Max Stirner — Max Stirner, Skizze von Friedrich Engels (1842) Max Stirner (Pseudonym für Johann Caspar Schmidt, * 25. Oktober 1806 in Bayreuth; † 25. Juni 1856 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Philosoph und Journalist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Stirner — Philosophe allemand XIXe siècle Portrait de Max Stirner par Félix Valloton (1900) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stirner — Max Stirner Portrait de Max Stirner par Félix Valloton (1900). Max Stirner, de son vrai nom Johann Caspar Schmidt (Bayreuth, 25 octobre 1806 Berlin, 26 juin 1856), est un philosophe allemand appartenant aux jeunes hégéliens, considéré co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Max Scheler — (* 22. August 1874 in München; † 19. Mai 1928 in Frankfurt am Main) war ein deutscher Philosoph und Soziologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stirner — Stirner, Max, Pseudonym für Kaspar Schmidt, s.d. 31) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stirner — Stirner, Max, Pseudonym, s. Schmidt 6) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stirner — Stirner, Max, eigentlich Kaspar Schmidt, Philosoph, geb. 25. Okt. 1806 zu Bayreuth, erst Lehrer, dann Privatgelehrter in Berlin, gest. das. 26. Juni 1856; Hauptwerk: »Der Einzige und sein Eigentum« (1845), ferner »Geschichte der Reaktion« (1852)… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.