stipulatio


stipulatio

▪ legal history
      in Roman law, a form of contract based upon a simple question and answer. It had no parallel in other legal systems. Stipulatio developed, at first, with very strict rules. Although no witnesses were required, both parties had to be present during the entire proceedings, which had to be one continuous act. The contract was oral and had to be made in Latin. The stipulator asked, “Spondes?” (“Do you promise?”) and the promisor answered, “Spondeo” (“I promise”). The form could be used only by citizens; other forms were open to noncitizens.

      The rules later were relaxed. Other forms were added, and Latin was no longer required; only a basic factual agreement between question and answer was necessary. In the 4th century AD a written document began to supersede the oral contract.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stipulatio — was the basic form of contract in Roman law. It was made in the format of question and answer. The precise nature of the contract was disputed, as can be seen below.CapacityIn order to contract parties must have intellectus (understanding) and… …   Wikipedia

  • stipulatio — index stipulation Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 stipulatio …   Law dictionary

  • Stipulatĭo — (Bot.), die Lage u. der Bau der Afterblätter. Stipulatus, mit Blattansätzen versehen; Stipulōsus, mit sehr langen Afterblättern versehen, s. Stängel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stipulatio — (lat.), bei den Römern Bezeichnung für einen mündlichen Vertrag, bei dem die Beteiligten ohne Unterbrechung Frage und Antwort austauschten. Der Gläubiger (Stipulant) stellte die Frage, der Schuldner (Promittent) beantwortete sie. Die einfachste… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stipulatio — Stipulatio, lat., feierliches Rechts , Vertragsversprechen in mündlicher solenn formulirter Anfrage (dari spondes?) u. Zusage (sponsio) vor Zeugen. Im alten röm. Recht waren Versprechen ohne s. nicht klagbar, später aber unter den Prätoren u. so… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Stipulatio —    • Stipulatĭo          (этимоглогический договор о деньгах), юридический договор, заключенный в форме вопроса и ответа (т. е. в форме sponsionis, обещания; впрочем, впоследствии формы были свободнее). Вопрошающий назывался stipulator, т. к. он… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Stipulatio — Monarchie romaine 753 – 509 av. J. C. République romaine 509 – 27 av. J. C. Empire romain 27 av. J. C. – 476 Empire byzantin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stipulatio — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stipulatio — /stipyaleysh(iy)ow/ In the Roman law, stipulatio was the verbal contract (verbis obligatio), and was the most solemn and formal of all the contracts in that system of jurisprudence. It was entered into by question and corresponding answer thereto …   Black's law dictionary

  • stipulatio — (Roman law.) An undertaking or security given by the plaintiff in an action for the prosecution of the action and the payment of costs if he loses the cause. See 3 Bl Comm 291 …   Ballentine's law dictionary


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