Stimson, Henry L


Stimson, Henry L

▪ United States statesman

born Sept. 21, 1867, New York City
died Oct. 20, 1950, Huntington, N.Y., U.S.
 statesman who exercised a strong influence on U.S. foreign policy in the 1930s and 1940s. He served in the administrations of five presidents between 1911 and 1945.

      Stimson was admitted to the New York bar in 1891, and he served as U.S. attorney for the southern district of the state in 1906–09. He was secretary of war in the Cabinet of Pres. William Howard Taft in 1911–13, and he fought briefly in France as a field artillery officer during World War I. Pres. Calvin Coolidge recalled him to public life in 1927 as a special commissioner to Nicaragua to mediate a civil dispute, which he successfully reconciled. Between 1927 and 1929 he served as governor general of the Philippine Islands.

      Appointed secretary of state under Pres. Herbert Hoover (1929–33), Stimson led the U.S. delegation to the London Naval Conference in 1930. Following the Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931, he sent to Japan and China identical notes (Jan. 7, 1932) stating that the United States did not intend to recognize as legally valid any situation, treaty, or agreement impairing U.S. treaty rights or brought about by means contrary to the Pact of Paris (1919). This policy afterward became known as the Stimson Doctrine.

      By the beginning of World War II, Stimson was known as an outspoken interventionist and a leading member of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Although a lifelong Republican, he was appointed secretary of war by Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940, to strengthen bipartisan support of foreign policy. In this capacity he guided the expansion and training of the U.S. Army throughout the war. He also acted as chief adviser on atomic policy to President Roosevelt and, later, to Pres. Harry S. Truman. To President Truman he recommended that atom bombs (atomic bomb) be dropped on Japanese cities of military importance. He later justified the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on humanitarian grounds, arguing that use of the bomb accelerated the surrender of Japan and thus saved more lives than it cost.

      Stimson left office in September 1945. His publications include American Policy in Nicaragua (1927), Democracy and Nationalism in Europe (1934), and The Far East Crisis (1936). With McGeorge Bundy he wrote an autobiography entitled On Active Service in Peace and War (1948).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Stimson, Henry Lewis — (1867 1950)    One of America’s longest serving statesmen, Henry L. Stimson was born in New York City; attended Phillips Academy, Andover; and graduated from Yale University in 1888. He went to Harvard Law School, qualified in law in 1890, and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Stimson, Henry L(ewis) — (21 sep. 1867, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–20 oct. 1950, Huntington, N.Y.). Estadista estadounidense. De profesión abogado, ocupó los cargos de ministro de guerra (1911–13), gobernador de Filipinas (1927–29), y secretario de Estado (1929–33). Cuando …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stimson, Henry L(ewis) — born Sept. 21, 1867, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 20, 1950, Huntington, N.Y. U.S. statesman. A lawyer, he served as U.S. secretary of war (1911–13), governor of the Philippines (1927–29), and U.S. secretary of state (1929–33). After the… …   Universalium

  • Stimson,Henry Lewis — Stim·son (stĭmʹsən), Henry Lewis. 1867 1950. American public official who served as U.S. secretary of state (1929 1933) and as secretary of war (1940 1945) during World War II. He was the chief adviser on atomic weaponry to Presidents Franklin D …   Universalium

  • Henry L. Stimson — Henry L. Stimson. Henry Lewis Stimson (21 de septiembre de 1867 – 20 de octubre de 1950) fue un político de los Estados Unidos que ejerció los cargos de Secretario de Estado, Secretario de Guerra y Gobernador general de Filipinas durante var …   Wikipedia Español

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