Stilwell, Joseph W.

Stilwell, Joseph W.

▪ United States general
born March 19, 1883, Palatka, Florida, U.S.
died October 12, 1946, San Francisco, California

      World War II army officer, who headed both U.S. and Chinese Nationalist resistance to the Japanese advance on the Far Eastern mainland.

      A 1904 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York, Stilwell rose to the rank of general in 1944, having served in the Philippines, with the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during World War I, and as an instructor at West Point. In addition, he studied the Chinese language and later served in Tianjin (1926–29) and as a military attaché in Beijing (1935–39).

      At the outbreak of World War II, Stilwell became General Chiang Kai-shek's chief of staff, and he was placed in command of the Chinese 5th and 6th armies in Burma (Myanmar). In 1942 he was routed by Japanese troops—superior in numbers and equipment—and arrived in India on foot with the remains of his command after an agonizing 140-mile (225-km) jungle trek. Through the war he served as commanding general of all U.S. forces in China, Burma, and India, and early in 1945 the Ledo Road, an Allied supply route linked to the Burma Road, was renamed the Stilwell Road in his honour. He was appointed commander of the U.S. 10th Army in the Pacific theatre, and in August 1945 he received the surrender of more than 100,000 Japanese troops in the Ryukyu Islands.

      After March 1946 Stilwell served as 6th Army commander in San Francisco until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Stilwell, Joseph Warren — (1883 1946)    Born in Florida, Joseph Stilwell graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1904. He served two tours of duty in the Philippines and also taught at West Point before serving as an intelligence officer during World War I. He was… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Stilwell, Joseph W(arren) — born March 19, 1883, Palatka, Fla., U.S. died Oct. 12, 1946, San Francisco, Calif. U.S. army officer. He graduated from West Point and served in World War I. He studied Chinese and served in Tianjin (1926–29) and as a military attaché in Beijing… …   Universalium

  • Stilwell, Joseph W(arren) — (19 mar. 1883, Palatka, Fla., EE.UU.–12 oct. 1946, San Francisco, Cal.). Oficial de ejército estadounidense. Egresó de West Point y prestó servicios en la primera guerra mundial. Estudió chino y se desempeñó en Tianjin (1926–29) y como agregado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stilwell,Joseph Warren — Stil·well (stĭlʹwĕl , wəl), Joseph Warren. Known as “Vinegar Joe” or “Uncle Joe.” 1883 1946. American army officer who commanded Allied forces in China, Burma, and India during World War II. * * * …   Universalium

  • Stilwell, Joseph Warren — ► (1883 1946) Militar estadounidense. Tomó parte en la Primera Guerra Mundial. Al mando del X Ejército de E.U.A. intervino en la toma de Okinawa en 1945 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stilwell — Stilwell, Joseph Warren …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph Stilwell — Infobox Military Person name= Joseph Warren Stilwell born= birth date|1883|03|19 died= death date and age|1946|10|12|1883|03|19 placeofbirth= Palatka, Florida placeofdeath= San Francisco, California placeofburial= caption=Gen. Joseph Warren… …   Wikipedia

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  • Joseph Stilwell — Le général Joseph Warren Stilwell Joseph Stilwell (9 mars 1883 – 12 octobre 1946) était un général de l’armée des États Unis connu pour ses services en Chine, particulièrement en tant que chef d état major de Tchang Kaï chek. Il parlait… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Warren Stilwell — noun United States general who commanded the Allied forces in China and Burma and India during World War II (1883 1946) • Syn: ↑Stilwell, ↑Vinegar Joe Stilwell, ↑Uncle Joe • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general * * * Joseph Warren …   Useful english dictionary

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