Soufflot, Jacques-Germain


Soufflot, Jacques-Germain

▪ French architect
born July 22, 1713, Irancy, France
died Aug. 29, 1780, Paris

      French architect, a leader in the development of Neoclassical architecture and the designer of the Church of Sainte-Geneviève (the Panthéon) in Paris.

      Claiming to be self-taught, Soufflot made several sojourns in Rome during the 1730s and '50s and studied the classical monuments there. In 1738 he returned to Lyon to practice as an architect. The simplicity, spaciousness, and archaeologically accurate classical details of the principal works of his Lyon period, the extension of the Hôtel-Dieu (begun 1741) and the Loge des Changes (1751–52), presaged the movement of French taste away from the Rococo and toward Neoclassicism.

      Soufflot was entrusted in 1755 with the design of Sainte-Geneviève (Panthéon), which was intended to be the principal church of Paris. His aim in this project was to combine the strict regularity and monumentality of Roman arched ceiling vaults with the lightness of slender supporting piers and freestanding Corinthian columns. The plan was essentially a Greek cross, the facade an enormous temple front. The freestanding columns proved inadequate to support the building's dome, which eventually had to be buttressed. Because of the predominantly classical origins of the design, it became a simple matter, when the Revolution abolished religion, for the church to be secularized and renamed the Panthéon. Unfortunately, the side windows were at that time walled up and much decoration removed. The effect of a light interior space was destroyed, resulting in the somewhat gloomy monument that the Panthéon is today.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SOUFFLOT, Jacques-Germain — (1713 1780)    The leading French architect of the 18th century Neo Classical style, Jacques Germain Soufflot worked during a turbulent time of French history, which ultimately erupted in the French Revolution. By the middle of the 18th century,… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Soufflot, Jacques-Germain — ► (1713 80) Arquitecto francés. Autor de la iglesia de Santa Genoveva de París …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jacques-germain soufflot — Jacques Germain Soufflot (22 juillet 1713, Irancy 29 août 1780, Paris) est un grand architecte français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Germain Soufflot — Jacques Germain Soufflot (22 juillet 1713, Irancy 29 août 1780, Paris) est un grand architecte français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques-Germain Soufflot — (22 juillet 1713, Irancy 29 août 1780, Paris) est un grand architecte français. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques-Germain Soufflot — (July 22, 1713 ndash; August 29, 1780) was a French architect in the international circle that introduced Neoclassicism. His most famous work is the Panthéon, Paris, built from 1755 onwards, originally as a church dedicated to Sainte… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacques-Germain Soufflot — Das Panthéon, von der Rue Soufflot aus fotografiert Jacques Germain Soufflot (* 22. Juli 1713 in Irancy bei Auxerre; † 29. August 1780 in Paris; manchmal Soufflet geschrieben) war ein französischer Architekt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacques-Germain Soufflot — Busto de Soufflot El Pantéon de París …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacques Germain Soufflot — noun French architect (1713 1780) • Syn: ↑Soufflot • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Soufflot — Soufflot, Jacques Germain …   Enciclopedia Universal