Somoza Debayle, Luis


Somoza Debayle, Luis

▪ president of Nicaragua
born Nov. 18, 1922
died April 13, 1967, Managua, Nicaragua

      president of Nicaragua (1956–63), successor to his father, Anastasio Somoza Debayle (Somoza Debayle, Anastasio), who had been assassinated. Luis Somoza also chose and controlled his successors, Rene Schick Gutiérrez (served 1963–66) and Lorenzo Guerrero Guitérrez (1966–67).

      The elder son of his father, Somoza attended La Salle Military Academy in New York and, at 18, was made a captain in the Nicaraguan National Guard. From 1950 he served first in the Chamber of Deputies and then in the Senate. As president of his country, he was known for civilian-oriented, liberal administration. He relaxed political controls and did much to modernize the country, instituting many economic and social reforms. He reinstated a ban on consecutive presidential terms and on immediate presidential succession by relatives. He worked to improve the domestic economy and developed better relations with other Central American countries.

      When he stepped down from office in 1963 after picking his successor, he became a senator, a position he held until his death. Despite his relatively progressive views, he never allowed his family's firm hold on Nicaraguan politics to be relinquished.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle — Briefmarke zu Ehren Luís Somoza Debayles Seine Gattin Isabelita Luís Somoza Debayle (* 18. November 1922 in León; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luis Somoza Debayle — Briefmarke zu Ehren Luís Somoza Debayles Seine Gattin Isabelita Luís Somoza Debayle (* 18. November 1922 in León; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luis Somoza Debayle — Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle, conocido como Luis «el bueno». Nació en León, Nicaragua el 18 de noviembre de 1922 y fallecido en Managua el 13 de abril de 1967, hijo del dictador Anastasio Somoza García y de doña Salvadora Debayle de Somoza, fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luís Somoza Debayle — (* 18. November 1922 in León; † 13. April 1967 in Managua, Nicaragua) war Präsident von Nicaragua von 1956 bis 1963. Er war Angehöriger des Somoza Clans, der seit 1934 das Präsidentenamt innehatte. Leben Luís Somoza war der erste Sohn von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luis Somoza Debayle — (November 18, 1922 ndash; April 13, 1967) was the fortieth president of Nicaragua from 1956 ndash;1963, but was effectively dictator of the country from 1956 until his death. He was born in León.Following the assassination of his father,… …   Wikipedia

  • Somoza Debayle — Somoza Debạyle   [sɔ mɔsa ],    1) Anastasio, genannt Tachịto [tatʃ ], nicaraguanischer Politiker, * León 5. 12. 1925, ✝ Asunción (Paraguay) 17. 9. 1980, Bruder von 2); nach Militärausbildung in Managua und in den USA 1950 Generalstabschef,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Luis Somoza Debayle — fue presidente en funciones, y después dictador y presidente de Nicaragua entre 1956 y 1967 tras el asesinato de su padre, Anastasio Somoza García en 1956. Su hermano, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, en su cargo de jefe de la Guardia Nacional, ejerció… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Somoza Debayle — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1925–1980), nicaraguanischer Politiker, Präsident von 1967 bis 1972 und von 1974 bis 1979 Luís Somoza Debayle (1922–1967), nicaraguanischer Politiker, Präsident von 1956 bis 1963 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Somoza Debayle — /saw maw sah dhe vuy le/; Eng. /seuh moh zeuh deuh buy lay, moh seuh/ 1. Anastasio /ah nahs tah syaw/, 1925 80, Nicaraguan army officer, businessman, and political leader: president 1967 72, 1974 79 (brother of Luis Somoza Debayle). 2. Luis… …   Universalium

  • Somoza Debayle — /saw maw sah dhe vuy le/; Eng. /seuh moh zeuh deuh buy lay, moh seuh/ 1. Anastasio /ah nahs tah syaw/, 1925 80, Nicaraguan army officer, businessman, and political leader: president 1967 72, 1974 79 (brother of Luis Somoza Debayle). 2. Luis… …   Useful english dictionary


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