Sint Eustatius


Sint Eustatius

English  Saint Eustatius , also called  Statia 
 island of the Netherlands Antilles, in the Caribbean Sea. It lies 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Saba and south of Sint Maarten. Sint Eustatius measures 6 miles (10 km) long by 3 miles (5 km) wide and has a total land area of 8 square miles (21 square km). The island is dominated by two extinct volcanoes, with a flat central plain separating the two. Sint Eustatius lies in the trade wind belt and receives an average 44 inches (1,125 mm) of rainfall annually, mainly between May and November; but climatic conditions vary considerably over the island. On the east (Atlantic) side the wind is strong and the vegetation low. On the calm west (Caribbean) side grow tall palms and breadfruit trees and thick banana groves. At White Wall, on the southern slope of one of the volcanoes, The Quill, arid conditions prevail and xerophytic plants (adapted to growth with limited water) predominate. The remainder of the island is covered with tough, thorny bushes and trees, many of which lose their leaves during the dry season.

      The island, first colonized by the French and English in 1625, was taken by the Dutch in 1632 and named Nieuw Zeeland. Dutch control was not absolute, the island changing hands 10 times in 1664–74, yet Sint Eustatius began to grow as a commercial centre. Despite the absence of a good natural harbour and a severe shortage of fresh water, it became the main focus of the slave trade and of mercantile exchange in the eastern Caribbean by 1780. The island was probably the major source of supplies for the rebellious North American colonies, arousing British antagonism during the American Revolution. On Nov. 16, 1776, Sint Eustatius became the first foreign government officially to recognize the fledgling United States, its cannon at Fort Oranje firing a salute to the brig Andrea Doria, which was flying the new Stars and Stripes flag. Britain could not ignore the situation; seizing on the opportunity presented by an impending American-Dutch commercial treaty, Adm. George Rodney (Rodney, George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron) was ordered to capture the island and did so in February 1781. After sacking storehouses and homes, the British continued to fly the Dutch flag, luring many American and other enemy ships to their capture. This marked the end of Sint Eustatius's prosperity, which was never regained.

      Sint Eustatius is a poor island, and many of its young people leave to find jobs elsewhere. Although rainfall is meagre, with every home having its cistern to catch runoff, there is some cultivation of onions, yams, and sweet potatoes. Lobsters are caught for export. Along the rim and within the crater of The Quill is a dark forest filled with orchids and other tropical vegetation.

      The capital of Sint Eustatius is Oranjestad. The island has control of local matters through an Island Council, an Executive Council, and a lieutenant governor. It is represented in the Netherlands Antilles legislature (Staten) in the national capital of Willemstad on Curaçao. In 2006 the people of Sint Eustatius, along with those of the other islands and the government of The Netherlands, agreed to dissolve the Netherlands Antilles within the following several years. Sint Eustatius, like Bonaire and Saba, was to become a special municipality and have close relations with the central government similar to those of municipalities of the metropolitan Netherlands. The government provides medical and dental care. The spoken language is English. Much of the population is concentrated in Oranjestad. Pop. (2005 est.) 2,584.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sint Eustatius — von der ISS fotografiert Gewässer Karibisches Meer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sint Eustatius — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eilandgebied Sint Eustatius Island area of St. Eustatius Área Insular de San Eustaquio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sint Eustatius — Infobox Country native name = Eilandgebied Sint Eustatius conventional long name = Island area of St. Eustatius common name = Sint Eustatius |90px |Map showing location of Sint Eustatius relative to Saba and Sint Maarten/Saint Martin. national… …   Wikipedia

  • Sint-Eustatius — Saint Eustache (Antilles) 17° 29′ 21″ N 62° 58′ 31″ W / 17.4891, 62.9752 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sint Eustatius — Saint Eustache (Antilles) 17° 29′ 21″ N 62° 58′ 31″ W / 17.4891, 62.9752 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sint Eustatius — Sp Sint Eustãtijus Ap Sint Eustatius L s. Mažuosiuose Antiluose, Olandijos Antilai …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Sint Eustatius — St. Eustaz (veraltet) * * * Sint Eustatius   [sɪntøːs taːtsiːys], Statia, Insel der Niederländischen Antillen (Insel über dem Winde), 21 km2, (1995) 1 900 Einwohner, mit dem Ort Oranjestad; im erloschenen Vulkan Quill bis 600 m über dem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sint Eustatius — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Sint Eustatius Country and Admin Code BQ.SE BQ …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Sint Eustatius — /sɪnt juˈsteɪʃəs/ (say sint yooh stayshuhs) noun → St Eustatius …   Australian English dictionary

  • Sint Eustatius national football team — Infobox National football team Name = Sint Eustatius Badge = FIFA Trigramme = Elo Rank = Nickname = Association = Coach = Most caps = Top scorer = Home Stadium = pattern la1=|pattern b1= unknown|pattern ra1= leftarm1=ffffff|body1=ffffff|rightarm1 …   Wikipedia