single crystal


single crystal

      any solid object in which an orderly three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms, ions, or molecules is repeated throughout the entire volume. Certain minerals (mineral), such as quartz and the gemstones, often occur as single crystals; synthetic single crystals, especially silicon and gallium arsenide, are used in solid-state electronic devices such as integrated circuits and light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

      In the preparation of synthetic single crystals, special techniques are employed to control the deposition of material upon one nucleus (see nucleation), which often is a small single crystal of the substance obtained from a previous preparation.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • single crystal — monokristalas statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. monocrystal; single crystal vok. Einkristall, m; Monokristall, m rus. монокристалл, m pranc. monocristal, m …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • single crystal — monokristalas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Gamtinis ar dirbtinis pavienis kristalas, turintis praktiškai nepažeistą kristalinę struktūrą. atitikmenys: angl. monocrystal; single crystal rus. монокристалл …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • single crystal — monokristalas statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. monocrystal; single crystal vok. Einkristall, m; Monokristall, m rus. монокристалл, m pranc. monocristal, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • single crystal — noun A material formed from by the growth of a crystal nucleus without secondary nucleation or impingement on other crystals; a regular three dimensional structure extends throughout the material Syn: monocrystal …   Wiktionary

  • single crystal — Смотри Монокристалл …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • Single crystal silicon — (Czochralsky)   Silicon cells with a well ordered crystalline structure consisting of one crystal (usually obtained by means of the Czochralsky growth technique and involving in got slicing), composing a module. Ribbon silicon is excluded.   U.S …   Energy terms

  • single-crystal ingot — monokristalinis luitas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. single crystal ingot; single crystal rod vok. Einkristallstab, m rus. монокристаллический слиток, m pranc. lingot monocristallin, m …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • single-crystal rod — monokristalinis luitas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. single crystal ingot; single crystal rod vok. Einkristallstab, m rus. монокристаллический слиток, m pranc. lingot monocristallin, m …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • single crystal filament — siūlinis monokristalas statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. crystal whisker; single crystal filament vok. Einkristallfaden, m rus. нитевидный монокристалл, m pranc. fil monocristallin, m; trichite, f; whisker, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas


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