▪ historical kingdom, Indonesia
      kingdom based in eastern Java that emerged in the first half of the 13th century after the decline of the kingdom of Kaḍiri. Singhasāri's first king, Ken Angrok (or Ken Arok), defeated the king of Kaḍiri, Kertajaya, in 1222. The last king of Singhasāri, Kertanagara (q.v.; 1268–92), was able to unite eastern Java temporarily. Toward the end of Kertanagara's reign, Kublai Khan, the great khan of the Mongols and the emperor of China, sent an envoy to Singhasāri demanding homage, but Kertanagara refused and even insulted Kublai's ambassador. Soon thereafter the ruler of Kaḍiri, Jayakatwang, rebelled against Singhasāri and killed Kertanagara, thus ending the period of Singhasāri dominion. The temples built during Singhasāri's rule are considered great examples of Hindu-Javanese arts; they mark the gradual transformation of Hindu architecture into Javanese forms and also reflect the increasing syncretism of Hinduism and Buddhism, which culminated in Kertanagara's Śiva-Buddha cult.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Singhasari — was a kingdom located in east Java between 1222 and 1292.FormationSinghasari was founded by Ken Arok, whose story is a popular children s tale in Central and East Java. Ken Arok was an orphan who grew up in Kediri and a cunning thief. His… …   Wikipedia

  • The Singhasari Resort Batu — (Batu,Индонезия) Категория отеля: 5 звездочный отель Адрес: Jl. Raya Beji …   Каталог отелей

  • Kertanegara of Singhasari — Kertanegara was the last and most important ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, reigning between 1268 and 1292 in the eastern part of Java. Under his rule Javanese trade developed considerably, reaching any corner of the huge Indonesian archipelago… …   Wikipedia

  • Majapahit — Empire Karaton Mojopahit Kerajaan Majapahit ← 1293–1527 …   Wikipedia

  • Ken Dedes — the first queen of Singhasari, she was the wife of Ken Arok, the first ruler of Singhasari, Java, Indonesia. She was later considered as the origin of lineage of kings that rule Java, the great mother of Rajasa dynasty, the royal family that rule …   Wikipedia

  • Geschichte Indonesiens — Der in modernen Zeiten als Indonesien bekannte Nationalstaat besteht aus einem Archipel von 17.508 Inseln, von denen über 6000 bewohnt sind. Bis in die heutige Zeit hinein wurde die Inselregion durch eine Reihe von Regierungen, Kolonisation und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • History of Indonesia — Indonesia is an archipelagic country of 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited) stretching along the equator in South East Asia. The country s strategic sea lane position fostered inter island and international trade; trade has since fundamentally… …   Wikipedia

  • Raden Wijaya — (also known as Kertarajasa Jayawardhana) (reigned 1293 1309) was the founder and first raja of the Majapahit kingdom on Java, Indonesia. The story of his founding of Majapahit was written in several records, including Pararaton and… …   Wikipedia

  • Mongol invasion of Java — Date 1293 Location Java, Majapahit Result Majapahit victory …   Wikipedia

  • Ken Arok — or Ken Angrok, (d. around 1227) was the founder and first ruler of the Singhasari Kingdom, an ancient Hindu Budhist kingdom in the East Java area of Indonesia. He came from humble origins but subsequently rose to be the most powerful ruler in… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»