- Shumway, Norman E.
▪ American surgeonin full Norman Edward Shumwayborn February 9, 1923, Kalamazoo, Michigan, U.S.died February 10, 2006, Palo Alto, CaliforniaAmerican surgeon and pioneer in cardiac transplantation, who on January 6, 1968, at the Stanford Medical Center in Stanford, California, performed the first successful human heart transplant in the United States.Shumway obtained an M.D. degree from Vanderbilt University (1949) and a Ph.D. degree in surgery from the University of Minnesota (1956), where he studied under Owen Harding Wangensteen and Clarence Walton Lillehei, both distinguished innovators in surgery. In 1958 Shumway joined the faculty of the Stanford University School of Medicine.As a member of Stanford's cardiovascular research surgery program, Shumway began conducting heart transplants on dogs. About one month after South African surgeon Christiaan Barnard (Barnard, Christiaan) performed the world's first human heart transplant, Shumway performed the operation on a 54-year-old man whose heart had been damaged by a virus infection. The surgery was a success, although the patient died 14 days later. The low long-term survival rates—most patients died soon after surgery because of organ rejection or infection—led many doctors to abandon the procedure by the early 1970s. Shumway, however, continued to improve the operation and advanced a drug that prevented organ rejection. Largely through his efforts, heart transplantation became a viable operation in the 1980s. In 1981 Shumway was part of a team that performed the first successful heart-lung transplant. His other major achievements included such open-heart procedures as the transplantation of valves.In 1974 Shumway helped found the department of cardiothoracic surgery at Stanford, serving as its first chairman until 1993. He retired from surgery in 1993.
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Shumway, Norman Edward — ▪ 2007 American surgeon (b. Feb. 9, 1923, Kalamazoo, Mich. d. Feb. 10, 2006, Palo Alto, Calif.), was a pioneer in cardiac transplantation who, on Jan. 6, 1968, at the Stanford University Medical Center, performed the first successful human… … Universalium
Norman Shumway — This article is about the American heart surgeon. For the American politician, see Norman D. Shumway. Norman Shumway Norman Shumway … Wikipedia
Norman D. Shumway — This article concerns the American politician Norman D. Shumway. See Norman Shumway for the American heart surgeon. Norman D. Shumway Norman David Shumway (born July 28, 1934, in Phoenix, Arizona) is a former California Republican politician.… … Wikipedia
Norman Shumway — Norman Edward Shumway (* 9. Februar 1923 in Kalamazoo, Michigan; † 10. Februar 2006 in Palo Alto, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Kardiologe und Chirurg. Er war ein Pionier der modernen Herztransplantation. Shumway studierte an der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Shumway — bezeichnet: Shumway (Kalifornien), Unincorporated Community im US amerikanischen Lassen County, California Shumway (Illinois),Dorfgemeinde im US amerikanischen Effingham County, Illinois Gordon Shumway, eigentlicher Name der Hauptfigur in Alf… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Norman Shumway — Norman Edward Shumway (né le 9 février 1923, mort le 10 février 2006) est un chirurgien américain, pionnier de la transplantation cardiaque. Il est le premier chirurgien à réaliser une transplantation cardiaque aux États Unis en 1968 avec Randall … Wikipédia en Français
Shumway — Norman, U.S. surgeon, *1923, developed method for dealing with tissue rejection related to heart transplants … Medical dictionary
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heart transplant — Procedure to remove a diseased heart and replace it with a healthy one from a legally dead donor. The first was performed in 1967 by Christiaan Barnard. The diseased heart is removed (except for some atrial tissue to preserve nerve connections to … Universalium