Shan Plateau

Shan Plateau

      crystalline massif forming the eastern part of Myanmar (Burma) and forming part of the Indo-Malayan mountain system. The plateau is crossed by the deep trench of the Salween River in the east and is bordered by the upper course of the Irrawaddy River to the west. The average elevation of the plateau is between 2,500 and 4,000 feet (750 and 1,200 m). It is seamed and ribbed by mountain ranges that split up and run into each other. The mountain ranges have an average elevation of between 4,000 and 5,000 feet (1,200 and 1,500 m), with some peaks rising to more than 8,000 feet (2,400 m). The ranges are interspersed with masses of broken hills, which formerly were heavily forested but which have been extensively denuded because of the shifting (slash-and-burn) cultivation practiced by some of the local inhabitants. In between these uplands are valleys and rolling plains that are covered with grass or are farmed for rice. The rocks in the northern part of the Shan Plateau are the source of rubies, sapphires, and other gems for which Myanmar has long been famous. The plateau is the country's principal source of lead, zinc, and silver and is an area of major teak forests.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Shan Plateau — The Shan Plateau, in the Shan State of eastern Burma, is the primary source of the nation s sapphires, rubies and other gems for which Burma is famous. The plateau averages about 3,000 feet in elevation, and is sparsely populated. The Salween… …   Wikipedia

  • Shan Plateau —    A large elevated region, with an average altitude of 900 meters (3,000 feet), located in Shan State between the valley of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River to the west and the Salween (Thanlwin) River to the east. It is criss crossed by several …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Shan State — administrative division of EC Myanmar, occupying a plateau region (Shan Plateau), inhabited by Shans …   English World dictionary

  • Shan — /shahn, shan/, n., pl. Shans, (esp. collectively) Shan. 1. a group of Mongoloid tribes in the hills of Burma. 2. a language spoken in the Shan States and belonging to the Tai group of languages. * * * I Shan Tai Any member of a Southeast Asian… …   Universalium

  • Shan — Infobox Ethnic group group=Shan poptime=6 million (est.) popplace=Myanmar rels=Theravada Buddhism, Animism langs=Shan, Burmese, others related=The Shan ( my. ရှမ်းလူမျိုး; IPA2|ʃán lùmjóʊ; zh cp|c=|p=dǎn zú) are a Tai ethnic group of Southeast… …   Wikipedia

  • Shan State —    In land area, the largest of Burma s states and divisions, covering 155,801 square kilometers or (155 square miles). It contains 11 districts (Taunggyi, Loilem, Lashio, Muse, Kyaukme, Kunlong, Laukkai, Keng Tung, Monghsat, Monghpyak, and… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Shan State — ရှမ်းပြည်နယ်   State   Myanma transcription(s)  – Burmese …   Wikipedia

  • Plateau Pika — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Shan — Shan(s) ou Chan(s) groupe ethnique de l E. de la Birmanie, appartenant au groupe thaï, localisé sur le plateau Shan, vaste enclave entre la Chine et la Thaïlande …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plateau der Inneren Mongolei — Topographische Karte von China Geografische Karte Chinas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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