Sevastopol, Siege of


Sevastopol, Siege of

▪ Russian history
 (Oct. 17, 1854–Sept. 11, 1855), the major operation of the Crimean War (1853–56), in which 50,000 British and French troops (joined by 10,000 Piedmontese troops during 1855), commanded by Lord Raglan and Gen. François Canrobert, besieged and finally captured the main naval base of the Russian Black Sea fleet. Sevastopol's defenses had been built by the military engineer Colonel Eduard Totleben, and the Russian troops were commanded by Prince Aleksandr Menshikov. The siege lasted 11 months because the allies lacked heavy artillery to smash the defenses effectively, while all Russian efforts to break the siege failed. Winter brought on severe suffering and heavy casualties among the allied troops, whose commanders had made little or no provision for a winter campaign. This situation produced several crises within the British government. On Sept. 8, 1855, French troops took and held the Malakhov, a vital defensive position at the southeast end of the city. On September 11 the Russians sank their ships in the harbour, blew up the fortifications, and evacuated Sevastopol. The allies took the city but did not pursue the Russians. The war then moved rapidly toward an end in early 1856.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sevastopol, Siege of — (1854–1855)    The culminating action of the Crimean War. The principal objective of the Allied army during the war was the capture of Russia’s principal Black Sea port at Sevastopol, situated on the southern coast of the Crimean peninsula. After …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Siege of Sevastopol (1854–1855) — Infobox Military Conflict caption=Siege of Sevastopol by Franz Roubaud conflict=Siege of Sevastopol partof=the Crimean War date=October 17 1854–September 11 1855 place=Sevastopol, Russian Empire (Sevastopol, Ukraine) result=Allied victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Siege (disambiguation) — A siege is a military blockade and assault of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering.Siege may also refer to:* Siege (band), a Boston hardcore punk band from 1983 85 * Siege (book), novel by James Mason See also * Siege of Antwerp *… …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Leningrad — Part of the Eastern Front of World War II Diorama of the Siege of Le …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Odessa (1941) — Siege of Odessa Part of the Eastern Front of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Sevastopol (1941–1942) — For the Crimean War battle, see Siege of Sevastopol (1854–1855). Siege of Sevastopol (1941–1942) Part of the Eastern Front of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Sevastopol — For other uses, see Sevastopol (disambiguation). Sevastopol Севастополь Aqyar View of Sevastopol …   Wikipedia

  • Sevastopol — /seuh vas teuh pohl , sev euh stoh peuhl/; Russ. /syi vu staw peuhl/, n. a fortified seaport in the S Crimea, in S Ukraine: famous for its heroic resistance during sieges of 349 days in 1854 55, and 245 days in 1941 42. 350,000. Also, Sebastopol …   Universalium

  • Siege of Port Arthur — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Siege of Port Arthur partof=the Russo Japanese War caption=Russian 500 pound shell exploding near the Japanese siege guns, near Port Arthur date=30 July 1904 to 2 January 1905 place=at modern Lüshunkou, China… …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Sevastopol — There have been two Sieges of Sevastopol, a Russian city on the Crimean peninsula:*Siege of Sevastopol (1854 1855) during the Crimean War *Siege of Sevastopol (1941 1942) during the Second World War …   Wikipedia