Sens


Sens

France
      town, Yonne département, Burgundy région, central France, southeast of Paris. The Old Town, situated on the right (eastern) bank of the Yonne River, is surrounded by shady boulevards and promenades built on the site of the old Roman walls. The railway station and industrial zone are located on the left bank.

      Before becoming a major Roman settlement, the town was the capital of the powerful Gallic Senones, from which the name Sens is derived. In medieval times it was an ecclesiastical centre with five abbeys. The council at which St. Bernard of Clairvaux condemned the doctrines of the philosopher and teacher Peter Abelard for the second time was held there in 1140. The 12th-century English martyr Thomas Becket resided (1166–70) at the Monastery of St. Colombe (largely rebuilt), located 1.2 miles (2 km) north of the city. The French king Louis IX was married in the cathedral in 1234. The ecclesiastical province of Sens was dismembered in 1627 when Paris became an archbishopric, but the archiepiscopal see was reestablished in 1821.

      The town's chief monument is the cathedral of Saint-Étienne (mid-12th to early 16th century), which was one of the earliest important Gothic churches. Its 12th-century architect, the master mason William Of Sens, based the design of the choir of Canterbury cathedral in England on that of Saint-Étienne. The facade has three portals with fine 12th- to 14th-century sculptures. The south tower of the west facade is the only tower completed; it collapsed in 1268 and was reconstructed during the 14th–16th century. The cathedral has magnificent 12th- to 17th-century stained-glass windows, and its treasury contains a rich collection of ancient fabrics and vestments, including those of Thomas Becket. The 13th-century Officiality (restored by Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc in the 19th century), which now houses a museum containing important examples of Gallo-Roman sculpture, and the largely 16th-century Archbishop's Palace adjoin the cathedral.

      Sens lies in a rich agricultural region, and industry has developed there only since the 1960s. The present-day town retains a highly diverse manufacturing sector, with many pharmaceutical, electronic, and food-processing companies. Many of Sens's industries and services have merged with those of Paris. Pop. (1999) 26,904; (2005 est.) 26,800.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sens — 1. (san ; l s se lie : un sen z actif ; il ne faut pas faire entendre l s, ni dire : les cinq sans , un homme de sans , Au XVIIe siècle, Chifflet, Gramm. p. 211, recommande de toujours prononcer l s finale pour le distinguer de sang, c est ainsi …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • sens — SENS. s. m. Faculté de l animal, par laquelle il reçoit l impression des objets exterieurs & corporels. Les cinq sens de nature, la veuë, l oüye, l odorat, le toucher, le goust, sont les cinq sens de nature. la veuë est le sens le plus subtil. ce …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Sens — • Archdiocese comprising the Department of the Yonne Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sens     Sens     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • sens — SENS, sensuri, s.n. 1. Înţeles (al unui cuvânt, al unei expresii, al unei forme sau al unei construcţii gramaticale); semnificaţie. ♦ (În semiotică) Înţelesul unui semn. ♦ Conţinut noţional sau logic. Îmi spui cuvinte fără sens. 2. Temei… …   Dicționar Român

  • sens — Sens, m. Vient de Sensus Latin par apocope, et a les deux mesmes significations, car nous disons, les cinq sens de nature, Quinque sensus quibus natura praediti sumus. et, Il a perdu le sens, Mente captus est. Mais il ne retient pas la generalité …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Sens — is a town and commune of France, in the Yonne département , of which it is a sous préfecture , in the Bourgogne région . It is crossed by the Yonne and the Vanne, which empties into the Yonne here.HistoryCaesar mentions Agedincum in the territory …   Wikipedia

  • SENS — SENS, town in the Yonne department, N. central France. The mention of an expulsion of the Jews from Sens around 876 in an 11th century chronicle is seemingly a confusion and probably refers to the expulsion, at the beginning of the 11th century,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sens 5'-3' — Sens 5 vers 3 Le sens 5 vers 3 désigne le sens de synthèse d ADN ou d ARN par une polymérase. Un schéma de furanose (sucre en cycle), molécule dont les atomes de carbone sont ici numérotés (de 1 à 5 ). Sommaire 1 Les nucléotides …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sens — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. senssie, zwykle w lp {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} znaczenie, wymowa czegoś : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Jasny, oczywisty sens. Ukryty, niezrozumiały sens. Sens postępowania.… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Sens —   [sãs], Stadt im Département Yonne, Frankreich, 27 100 Einwohner; Sitz eines Erzbischofs; Museen; Gerbereien, Elektro , Metall verarbeitende und Holzindustrie, Herstellung von Kunststoffwaren.   Stadtbild:   Sens besitzt römische Baureste… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sens — Sens, adv. [See {Since}.] Since. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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