Sedgemoor, Battle of

Sedgemoor, Battle of

▪ English history
      (July 16 [July 6, Old Style], 1685), in English history, battle fought about 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Bridgwater, Somerset, Eng. It was a massacre of the mainly untrained smallholders and cloth-workers who had rallied to the support of James Scott, Duke of Monmouth (Monmouth, James Scott, Duke of, Duke Of Buccleuch, Earl Of Doncaster, Earl Of Dalkeith, Baron Scott Of Tindale, Lord Scott Of Whitchester And Eskdale), by troops of King James II led by Louis de Durfort, 2nd Earl of Feversham (Feversham, Louis de Durfort, 2nd earl of, Viscount Sondes Of Lees Court, Baron Duras Of Holdenby, Baron Of Throwley, Marquis De Blanquefort), and John Churchill (Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of, Marquess Of Blandford, Earl Of Marlborough, Baron Churchill Of Sandridge, Lord Churchill Of Eyemouth, Reichsfürst) (afterward Duke of Marlborough).

      The Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II, had taken advantage of the popularity of his Protestantism to attempt to wrest the throne from his Roman Catholic uncle, James II. Landing at Lyme Regis in Dorset on June 11, he was proclaimed king at Taunton, failed to take Bristol, and fell back on Bridgwater. His path was then blocked by the royal army encamped on Sedgemoor. Monmouth decided on a hazardous night attack and very nearly succeeded; but his small force of cavalry fled, his foot soldiers failed to cross the ditch separating them from the royalist front, and, once the element of surprise was lost, Monmouth's untrained and unofficered followers were cut down.

      Monmouth was captured soon afterward and executed; many of his followers were condemned to death or transportation in the Bloody Assizes, a series of trials conducted by Lord Chief Justice George Jeffreys in the ensuing months.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • SEDGEMOOR —    district in central Somersetshire, 5 m. SE. of Bridgwater, scene of a famous battle between the troops of James II. and those of the Duke of Monmouth on July 6, 1685, in which the latter were completely routed …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • the Battle of Sedgemoor — ➡ Sedgemoor * * * …   Universalium

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  • Rébellion de Monmouth — Mémorial de la bataille de Sedgemoor. La rébellion de Monmouth est une tentative ayant eu lieu en 1685 de renverser Jacques II, devenu roi d’Angleterre, d’Écosse et d’Irlande à la mort de son frère aîné Charles II le 6 février 1685. Jacques II… …   Wikipédia en Français

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