Schirra, Walter M., Jr.


Schirra, Walter M., Jr.

▪ American astronaut
in full  Walter Marty Schirra, Jr. 
born March 12, 1923, Hackensack, N.J., U.S.
died May 3, 2007, La Jolla, Calif.
 U.S. astronaut who manned the Mercury Sigma 7 (1962) and was command pilot of Gemini 6 (1965), which made the first rendezvous in space. He was the only astronaut to fly in the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs.

      Schirra began flying at 13 and became a naval aviator after graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., in 1945. He flew 90 missions in the Korean War. A test pilot, he was one of the original seven astronauts named in 1959. On Oct. 3, 1962, Schirra orbited the Earth six times in Sigma 7. His scheduled flight with Thomas P. Stafford in Gemini 6 was postponed twice because of technical problems. Gemini 6 was finally launched on Dec. 15, 1965, 11 days after Gemini 7. Schirra successfully rendezvoused with Gemini 7, maneuvering to within one foot of the craft.

      Schirra commanded the Apollo (Apollo program) 7 flight (Oct. 11–22, 1968), accompanied by Donn Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham, on the first manned Apollo mission. They tested the guidance and control systems and the restarting capability of the rocket engines for future lunar flights.

      After retiring from the navy and the space program in 1969, Schirra held executive positions in private firms in Colorado. In 2000 he was inducted into the Naval Aviation Hall of Honor.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Walter Schirra — Land (Organisation): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 2. April 1959 (1. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Schirra — Walter M. Schirra Walter Marty Schirra Astronaute Nationalité américain Naissance 12 mars 1923 ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter M. Schirra — Walter Marty Schirra Nationalité américain Naissance 12 mars 1923 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter M. Schirra — Walter Marty Schirra, Jr. Nacimiento 12 de marzo de 1923, Hackensack, Nueva Jersey …   Wikipedia Español

  • Walter Cunningham — Land (Organisation): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 17. Oktober 1963 (3. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schirra — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: des Astronauten Walter Schirra des Journalisten Bruno Schirra, Redakteur bei Cicero (Magazin) und Die Welt früher Die Zeit des Informatikers Jörg R. J. Schirra (* 1960) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schirra, Wally — ▪ 2008 Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.  U.S. astronaut born March 12, 1923 , Hackensack, N.J. died May 3, 2007, La Jolla, Calif. manned the Mercury Sigma 7 (1962) and was command pilot of Gemini 6 (1965), which made the first rendezvous in space. He… …   Universalium

  • Walter Cronkite — Cronkite in 2004 Born Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr. Novemb …   Wikipedia

  • Schirra, Wally —  (1923–2007) American astronaut; formally he was Walter M. Schirra Jr …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Schirra — /shi rah /, n. Walter Marty, Jr. /mahr tee/, born 1923, U.S. astronaut. * * * schirra obs. f. sheriff …   Useful english dictionary


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