Schally, Andrew V.


Schally, Andrew V.

▪ American endocrinologist
in full  Andrew Victor Schally 
born November 30, 1926, Wilno, Poland [now Vilnius, Lithuania]

      Polish-born American endocrinologist and corecipient, with Roger Guillemin (Guillemin, Roger Charles Louis) and Rosalyn Yalow (Yalow, Rosalyn S.), of the 1977 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He was noted for isolating and synthesizing three hormones that are produced by the region of the brain known as the hypothalamus; these hormones control the activities of other hormone-producing glands.

      Schally fled Poland with his family in 1939. He attended the University of London and worked for three years at the National Institute for Medical Research in London before traveling to Montreal to enter McGill University. He graduated in 1955 and two years later took a Ph.D. in biochemistry. From 1957 to 1962 he was associated with Baylor University in Houston, Texas, and in 1962 he became a U.S. citizen. That same year Schally was made chief of endocrine and polypeptide laboratories at the Veterans Administration (VA) Medical Center in New Orleans, Louisiana. At the same time he joined the medical faculty of the Tulane University School of Medicine, becoming a professor in 1967. He became senior medical investigator with the VA in 1973.

      Among Schally's chief accomplishments were the synthesis of TRH (thyrotropin-releasing hormone), the isolation and synthesis of LHRH (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone), and studies of the action of the peptide somatostatin. His research helped elucidate pathways of hormone regulation in males and females and contributed to the development of fertility treatments and contraceptives. In 1975 Schally and Guillemin received the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award.

Additional Reading
Nicholas Wade, The Nobel Duel (1981), recounts the 21-year research contest between Schally and Roger Guillemin.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schally, Andrew V. — ► (n. 1926) Médico polaco. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1977, compartido con Roger Guillemin y Rosalyn S. Yalow, por sus descubrimientos sobre la producción de hormonas péptidos en el cerebro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SCHALLY, ANDREW VICTOR — (1926– ), medical research worker and Nobel laureate. Schally was born in Wilno, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania), and became a U.S. citizen in 1962. At the outset of World War II, his father, a professional soldier, left his family to fight with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schally , Andrew Victor — (1926–) Polish–American physiologist Schally, who was born at Wilno in Poland, left his native country for Britain in 1939. After graduating from the University of London, he worked at the National Institute for Medical Research from 1949 until… …   Scientists

  • Schally, Andrew V(ictor) — born Nov. 20, 1926, Wilno, Pol. Polish born U.S. endocrinologist. His family fled Poland in 1939, and he received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from McGill University in 1957. He shared a 1977 Nobel Prize for his work with Roger C.L. Guillemin and… …   Universalium

  • Schally, Andrew V(ictor) — (n. 20 nov. 1926, Wilno, Polonia). Endocrinólogo estadounidense de origen polaco. En 1939 huyó con su familia de Polonia, y en 1957 obtuvo un Ph.D. en bioquímica de la Universidad de McGill en Canadá. Compartió el Premio Nobel por su trabajo con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schally — Schally, Andrew V …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andrew Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew V. Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Victor Schally — (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Victor Schally — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrew Victor Schally Andrew Victor Schally nació en Wino, Polonia en 1926. Con la ocupación nazi emigra al Reino Unido. Estudió en las Universidades de Edimburgo y Londres …   Wikipedia Español


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