Schäffle, Albert


Schäffle, Albert

▪ German economist and sociologist
born Feb. 24, 1831, Nürtingen, Württemberg
died Dec. 25, 1903, Stuttgart

      economist and sociologist who served briefly as Austrian minister of commerce and agriculture (1871); he was responsible for a major plan of imperial federalization for the Bohemian crownland.

      Schäffle became a professor of political economy at Tübingen (1860) and later Vienna (1868). He was a member of the Württemberg Landtag (assembly) from 1862 to 1865, and in 1868 a delegate to the new German federal customs parliament (Zollparlament). Despite his reputation for radicalism, he was appointed to the Cabinet of the Austrian prime minister Karl, Graf von Hohenwart, in February 1871. The most forceful member of the Cabinet, he devised a scheme for redefining the position of Bohemia within the empire—the so-called Fundamental Articles (Fundamentalartikeln). The plan, vigorously denounced by Germans and Magyars alike, was shelved and the Cabinet was forced from office (October 1871).

      Outside the government, Schäffle's ideas nonetheless continued to exert influence in matters of political and social welfare legislation, not only in Austria but also in Germany. He left a considerable written corpus in the fields of economics and sociology and also two volumes of posthumously published memoirs.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schäffle — Albert Eberhard Friedrich Schäffle (* 24. Februar 1831 in Nürtingen; † 25. Dezember 1903 in Stuttgart) war ein deutscher Volkswirtschaftler, Soziologe und Publizist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Beruf 2 Politik 3 Bibliografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schäffle — Schäffle, Albert Eberhard Friedrich, Nationalökonom und Staatsmann, geb. 24. Febr. 1831 zu Nürtingen in Württemberg, gest. 25. Dez. 1903 in Stuttgart, war ursprünglich für die theologische Laufbahn bestimmt, studierte 1848 in Tübingen, trat 1850… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schäffle — Schäffle, Albert, Nationalökonom und Staatsmann, geb. 24. Febr. 1831 zu Nürtingen (Württemberg), seit 1868 Prof. zu Wien, 1868 Mitglied des Zollparlaments, Febr. bis Okt. 1871 österr. Handelsminister, lebte seitdem zu Stuttgart, gest. das. 25.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Albert Schäffle — Grab auf dem Pragfriedhof Stuttgart Alber …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Schäffle — Albert Eberhard Friedrich Schäffle (February 24, 1831 December 25, 1903), German statesman and political economist, was born at Nürtingen in Württemberg, and in 1848 became a student at the University of Tübingen.From 1850 to 1860 he was attached …   Wikipedia

  • Schäffle — Schạ̈ffle,   Albert Eberhard Friedrich, Volkswirtschaftler, Finanzwissenschaftler und Soziologe, * Nürtingen 24. 2. 1831, ✝ Stuttgart 25. 12. 1903; Professor in Tübingen (1860 68) und Wien (1868 71); ab 1872 Publizist (u. a. 1892 1903 Herausgeber …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SCHÄFFLE, DR. ALBERT —    eminent German economist, born in Würtemberg; has written, besides other works, The Quintessence of Socialism, an able exposé; b. 1831 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …   Universalium

  • Liste von Soziologen — Bekannte Soziologen und Soziologinnen Sachbeiträge zur Soziologie siehe auf der zugehörigen Themenliste und der Liste bahnbrechender soziologischer Publikationen; allgemein ist auf das Portal:Soziologie zu verweisen. A Esko Aaltonen Nermin Abadan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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