Sax, Antoine-Joseph


Sax, Antoine-Joseph

▪ Belgian inventor
also called Adolphe Sax
born Nov. 6, 1814, Dinant, Belg.
died Feb. 7, 1894, Paris, Fr.
 Belgian-French maker of musical instruments and inventor of the saxophone.

      Sax was the son of Charles Joseph Sax (1791–1865), a maker of wind and brass instruments, as well as of pianos, harps, and guitars. Adolphe studied the flute and clarinet at the Brussels Conservatory and in 1842 went to Paris. There he exhibited the saxophone, a single-reed instrument made of metal, with a conical bore, overblowing at the octave, which had resulted from his efforts to improve the tone of the bass clarinet. It was patented in 1846. With his father he evolved the saxhorn (patented 1845), a development on the bugle horn; the saxo-tromba, producing a tone between that of the bugle and the trumpet; and the saxtuba. Sax discovered that it is the proportions given to a column of air vibrating in a sonorous tube, and these alone, that determine the timbre produced.

      In 1857 Sax was appointed instructor of the saxophone at the Paris Conservatory. Later he improved several instruments and invented others without, however, establishing a basis for their commercial exploitation. Many of his instruments were accepted for the French army bands, and for 10 years Sax was involved in lawsuits with competing instrument makers seeking to have his patents revoked. In his 80th year he was living in abject poverty; Emmanuel Chabrier, Jules Massenet, and Camille Saint-Saëns were obliged to petition the minister of fine arts to come to his aid.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sax, Antoine Joseph, llamado Adolphe — ► (1814 94) Inventor belga. Inventó el saxófono, de varios modelos, el saxhorn y el saxotromba, y perfeccionó el clarinete …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antoine Joseph Sax — Adolphe Sax, eigentlich Antoine Joseph Sax, (* 6. November 1814 in Dinant; † 7. Februar 1894 in Paris) war ein belgischer Instrumentenbauer und Musiker, er war der Entwickler des Saxophons. Leben Adolphe Sax Adolphe Sax war eines von el …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antoine-Joseph Sax — Adolphe Sax Adolphe Sax Antoine Joseph Sax mieux connu sous le nom d Adolphe Sax (6 novembre 1814 à Dinant, Belgique 7 février 1894 à Paris) est un facteur d instrument …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antoine Joseph Sax — Adolphe Sax Adolphe Sax Antoine Joseph Sax mieux connu sous le nom d Adolphe Sax (6 novembre 1814 à Dinant, Belgique 7 février 1894 à Paris) est un facteur d instrument …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sax — [ saks ] n. m. • v. 1970; de saxophone ♦ Fam. Saxophone. ⇒ saxo. ⊗ HOM. Saxe. Sax (Antoine Joseph, dit Adolphe) (1814 1894) facteur d instruments et flûtiste belge naturalisé français. Il inventa le saxophone (1845) et le saxhorn. sax [saks] n. m …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sax — Sax, Antoine Joseph, llamado Adolphe ► Mun. de la prov. española de Alicante; 8 602 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sax (Asteroid) — Asteroid (3534) Sax Eigenschaften des Orbits (Simulation) Orbittyp Hauptgürtelasteroid Große Halbachse 2,7535  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antoine — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antoine puede referirse a las siguientes personas: Nombres Antoine Arnauld, teólogo francés. Antoine Barnave, estadista francés. Antoine Louis Barye, escultor francés. Antoine Baumé, químico francés. Antoine Laurent… …   Wikipedia Español

  • SAX — steht für: Sax (Asteroid), ein Asteroid des Hauptgürtels Sax (Waffe), ein einschneidiges Hiebschwert des frühen Mittelalters Sax (Zigaretten Marke), eine italienische Zigaretten Marke Sax (Alicante), eine Gemeinde in der spanischen Provinz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sax — steht für: (3534) Sax, ein Asteroid des Hauptgürtels Sax (Waffe) (Brockhaus), andere Schreibweise für Sachs (Duden, Kluge Seebold), ein einschneidiges Hiebschwert des frühen Mittelalters Sax (Zigaretten Marke), eine italienische Zigaretten Marke… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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