Sanjō, Go-


Sanjō, Go-

▪ emperor of Japan
in full  Go-Sanjō Tennō,  personal name  Takahito  
born Sept. 3, 1034, Kyōto
died June 15, 1073, Kyōto

      71st emperor of Japan, whose abdication in favour of his son, Kidahito (the emperor Shirakawa), established a precedent for government by retired emperor, thereby contributing to the decline of the powerful Fujiwara (Fujiwara Family) clan.

      One of the few Japanese rulers of the period not born of a Fujiwara mother, Takahito became emperor in 1068, taking the reign name Go-Sanjo (Later Sanjo); he ascended the throne over the objections of the great clan, which, since 857, had dominated the government, usually by making Fujiwara daughters principal concubines or consorts to reigning emperors. A lack of daughters left the family vulnerable to Go-Sanjō, an emperor who chose to rule as well as to reign. Fujiwara dominance was further threatened when Go-Sanjō, seeking to reform court procedures and expenditures, established a records office (kirokujo) to scrutinize the legal titles of the great estates and confiscate those lacking authentic Imperial verification. Through claims to judicial and fiscal autonomy, these estates, some of the largest of which were owned by the Fujiwara, were wrecking the Imperial government. Even though the Fujiwara clan was torn by internal rivalries, they ignored most of Go-Sanjō's directives, and his reform measures were largely unsuccessful.

      In desperation, Go-Sanjō abdicated in favour of his son. Just as the Fujiwara had dominated the reigning emperors and grown rich and powerful through their daughters, Go-Sanjō and those who ruled after him for almost 100 years held power through their obedient sons.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Sanjo — can refer to:*Sanjo (music), a genre of traditional Korean instrumental music *Sanjo, Niigata, a city in Niigata prefecture, Japan *Emperor Sanjō, the 67th Emperor of Japan *Sanjo Station (Kyoto), the main Keihan Electric Railway station in Kyoto …   Wikipedia

  • Sanjô — Sanjo Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sanjō est un ancien empereur du Japon. Go Sanjō est un ancien empereur du Japon. Sanjō est une ville du Japon. Sanjo est le nom d un style de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sanjō — Sanjo Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sanjō est un ancien empereur du Japon. Go Sanjō est un ancien empereur du Japon. Sanjō est une ville du Japon. Sanjo est le nom d un style de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sanjō — bezeichnet: den 67. Tennō von Japan: Sanjō (Tennō) eine Stadt in der Präfektur Niigata: Sanjō (Niigata) ein Lehen mit Sitz in dieser: Sanjō (Han) den Familiennamen folgender Personen: Sanjō Sanetomi (1837–1891), japanischer Hofadliger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sanjo — Sanjo, Sanetomi (Fujiwara no Sanetomi), japan. Staatsmann, geb. 1849 in Kiôtô aus einer der vornehmsten Familie des Hofadels, gest. 11. Febr. 1891, wirkte eifrig für Wiederherstellung der kaiserlichen Macht und mußte deshalb, um der Rache des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sanjo — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Sanjō est un ancien empereur du Japon ; Go Sanjō est un ancien empereur du Japon. Lieux Sanjō est une ville du Japon dans la préfecture de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sanjō — ▪ Japan       city, central Niigata ken (prefecture), north central Honshu, Japan. It lies in the deltaic lowlands of the Shinano River, about 20 miles (32 km) south of Niigata city. Sanjō was founded as a castle town in the 16th century. It was… …   Universalium

  • Sanjo — Original name in latin Sanj Name in other language Sandscho, Sandyo, Sandze, Sanjo, Sanj Sanzyo, Sanzy Сандзе State code JP Continent/City Asia/Tokyo longitude 37.61667 latitude 138.95 altitude 9 Population 82893 Date 2012 01 19 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • sanjo — noun a genre of traditional Korean instrumental music …   Wiktionary


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